GNTX 12.31.2013 - 10K


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(x)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 or
 
( )
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to _________
Commission File No.: 0-10235
GENTEX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Michigan
 
38-2030505
State or other jurisdiction of
Incorporation of organization
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
600 N. Centennial Street, Zeeland, Michigan
 
49464
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (616) 772-1800
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each Class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.06 per share
 
Nasdaq Global Select Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.         
Yes:  þ    No:  o 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    
Yes:  o     No:   þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
Yes:  þ    No:  o 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   
Yes:  þ    No:  o 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
 
Large accelerated filer
ü
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes:  o     No:   þ
As of June 30, 2013 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), 144,267,053 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.06 per share, were outstanding. The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (i.e., excluding shares held by executive officers, directors, and control persons as defined in Rule 405 (17 CFR 203.405) on that date was $3,206,059,559 computed at the closing price on that date.
As of February 7, 2014, 145,652,257 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.06 per share, were outstanding.
Portions of the Company’s Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.





GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
For the Year Ended December 31, 2013
FORM 10-K
Index

Part I - Financial Information
Page
 
 
 
Part II
 
Part III
 
 
Part IV
 
 
 
 






Part I
 
Item 1.
Business.
 
(a)
General Development of Business

Gentex Corporation (the Company) designs and manufactures automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and electronics for the automotive industry, dimmable aircraft windows for the aviation industry, and commercial smoke alarms and signaling devices for the fire protection industry. The Company’s largest business segment involves designing, developing, manufacturing and marketing interior and exterior auto-dimming automotive rearview mirrors that utilize proprietary electrochromic technology to dim in proportion to the amount of headlight glare from trailing vehicle headlamps. The Company ships its product to all of the major automotive producing regions worldwide, which it supports with numerous sales, engineering and distribution locations worldwide.

The Company was organized as a Michigan corporation in 1974 to manufacture smoke detectors, a product line has since evolved to include include a variety of fire protection products. In 1982, the Company introduced an interior electro-mechanical automatic-dimming rearview mirror as an alternative to the manual day/night rearview mirrors for automotive applications. In 1987, the Company introduced an interior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirror for automotive applications. In 1991, the Company introduced an exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirror for automotive applications. In 1997, the Company began making volume shipments of three new exterior mirror sub-assembly products: thin glass flat, convex and aspheric. In 2005, the Company began making volume shipments of its new bezel-free exterior auto-dimming mirror. In 2005, the Company announced, and in 2010 began delivering electrochromic dimmable aircraft windows for the aviation industry. In September 2013, the Company acquired HomeLink®, a wireless vehicle/home communications product that enables drivers to remotely activate garage door openers, entry door locks, home lighting, security systems, entry gates and other radio frequency convenience products for automotive applications. Automotive revenues represent approximately 98% of the Company's total revenue, consisting of interior and exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and automotive electronics.

 
(b)
Financial Information About Segments
See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements filed with this report.
 
(c)
Narrative Description of Business

The Company is a supplier of automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and electronics to the automotive industry, dimmable aircraft windows for aviation markets, and fire protection products to the fire protection market.

Automotive Products

Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics

Automotive applications are the largest business segment for the Company, consisting of interior and exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and automotive electronics. The Company manufactures interior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors that darken to reduce glare and improve visibility for the driver. These electronic interior mirrors can also include additional features such as compass, microphones, HomeLink®, lighting assist and driver assist forward safety camera systems, various lighting systems, various telematics systems, and a wide variety of displays. The Company also ships interior non-automatic-dimming rearview mirrors with features.

The Company’s interior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors also power the application of the Company’s exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors that darken to reduce glare and improve visibility for the driver. These electronic exterior mirrors can also include additional features such as turn signal indicators, side blind zone indicators, and courtesy lighting. The Company also ships exterior non-automatic-dimming rearview mirrors with similar electronic features available in its auto-dimming applications.

The Company manufactures automotive electronics products outside of the rearview mirror through HomeLink® applications in the vehicle interior visor or overhead console.






The Company produces rearview mirrors and electronics for automotive passenger cars, light trucks, pick-up trucks, sport utility vehicles, and vans for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) worldwide, tier one automotive mirror manufacturers worldwide, and various aftermarket and accessory customers. Automotive rearview mirrors and electronics accounted for 98% of the Company’s consolidated net sales in 2013.

The Company is the leading manufacturer of electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors in the world, and is the dominant supplier to the automotive industry. Competitors for automotive rearview mirrors include Magna International, Samvardhana Motherson Reflective, Murakami Kaimeido Company, Ichikoh Industries, Tokai Rika Company, and Grupo Ficosa International. The Company also supplies electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors to certain of these rearview mirror competitors.

Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics Product Development. The Company continually seeks to develop new products and is currently working to introduce additional advanced-feature auto-dimming mirrors. Advanced-feature auto-dimming mirrors currently being offered by the Company include, SmartBeam® and driver-assist features, HomeLink® , LED map lamps, compass and temperature displays, telematics, hands free communication, exterior turn signals, side blind zone indicators and various other exterior mirror features that improve safety and field of view.
Advanced automotive mirror technologies that the Company markets today continue to evolve at a rapid pace and are resulting in future new awarded business. Interior auto-dimming mirrors are in launch with: new bezel-free frameless designs; lighting applications with new opto-electronics; digital microphones replacing analog microphones; wireless control systems; many different displays in new sizes with faster processing and increased graphics capabilities; SmartBeam® with advanced detection for tunnels, curves, and fog for use on halogen, xenon, and LED headlamp technologies; driver-assist systems with lane departure warning, traffic sign recognition, and a variety of object detection capabilities; and combinations of these various and other features. Exterior auto-dimming mirrors are in launch with new bezel-free frameless designs, curved glass capabilities, and a variety of other capabilities and electronics.

Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics Markets and Marketing
In North America, Europe and Asia, the Company markets its products primarily through a direct sales force through its sales and engineering offices located in, Germany, UK, Sweden, France, Japan, Korea and China, as well as its' headquarters in Michigan. The Company generally supplies auto-dimming mirrors and mirrors with advanced electronic features to its customers worldwide under annual blanket purchase orders with certain customers, as well as under long-term agreements with certain customers, entered into in the ordinary course of the Company's business.
The Company is currently supplying mirrors for Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Citroen, Fiat, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Hyundai/Kia, Infiniti, Jaguar/Land Rover, Lexus, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Opel, Peugeot, Renault, Rolls Royce, SAIC, Samsung, SEAT, Skoda, Toyota, Volkswagen and Volvo.
The Company’s auto-dimming mirror unit shipment mix by region has significantly changed over the past ten years. The following is a breakdown of unit shipment mix by region in 2013 vs. 2003 calendar years:
 
 
2013
 
2003
Domestic
25
%
 
47
%
Transplants(1)
13
%
 
8
%
North America
38
%
 
55
%
Europe
42
%
 
30
%
Asia-Pacific
20
%
 
15
%
Total
100
%
 
100
%
(1) European and Asian based automakers with automotive production plants in North America.
Revenues by major geographic area are disclosed in Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Historically, new safety and comfort options have entered the original equipment automotive market at relatively low rates on “top of the line” or luxury model automobiles. As the selection rates for the options on the luxury models increase, they generally become available on more models throughout the product line. The ongoing trend of domestic and foreign automakers is to offer several options as a package. The Company believes that its auto-dimming mirrors

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will be offered, in higher option rate packages, and on more small/mid-size vehicle models as consumer awareness of the safety and comfort features continue to become more well-known, and as the Company continues its efforts to make automakers aware of Company technology available on competitive vehicle platforms.
Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics Competition. The Company continues to be the leading producer of auto-dimming rearview mirrors in the world and currently is the dominant supplier to the automotive industry with an approximate 88% market share worldwide in 2013 and 2012. While the Company believes it will retain a dominant position in auto-dimming rearview mirrors for some time, one other U.S. manufacturer (Magna Mirrors) is competing for sales to domestic and foreign vehicle manufacturers and is supplying a number of domestic and foreign vehicle models with its versions of electrochromic mirrors. In addition, a Japanese manufacturer (Ichikoh Industries) is currently supplying a few vehicle models in Japan with solid-state electrochromic mirrors. There are a small number of Chinese domestic mirror suppliers that are marketing and selling auto-dimming rearview mirrors, in low volume, within the domestic China automotive market. However, the Company believes that these Chinese domestic mirror suppliers do not currently meet global automotive grade specifications.
On September 27, 2013, the Company completed its acquisition of HomeLink®. Prior to the acquisition, the seller was the dominant supplier of wireless in-vehicle communication devices to the automotive industry. HomeLink® business has and, it appears, will continue to be awarded to the Company either through its auto-dimming rearview mirrors, or through HomeLink® electronic modules which are integrated into other areas of the automobile. Prior to the Company's acquisition of HomeLink® , a competitor offered products similar to the HomeLink® product, but has since exited the market, thereby providing opportunities for the seller of the business previously and now for the Company.
The Company believes its electrochromic automatic-dimming mirrors and mirrors with advanced electronic features offer significant performance advantages over competing products. However, the Company recognizes that Magna Mirrors, a competitor and wholly-owned subsidiary of Magna International, may have considerably more resources available to it and may present a formidable competitive threat. The Company continues to sell automatic-dimming rearview mirror sub-assemblies to Magna.
There are numerous other companies in the world conducting research on various technologies, including eletrochromics, for controlling light transmission and reflection. The Company currently believes that the electrochromic materials and manufacturing process it uses for automotive mirrors remains the most efficient and cost-effective way to produce such products. While automatic-dimming mirrors using other technologies may eliminate glare, the Company currently believes that each of these technologies have inherent cost or performance limitations as compared to the Company's technologies.
As the Company continues to expand its auto-dimming mirror products with additional advanced electronic features and expands the capabilities of its CMOS imager technology for additional features (i.e. driver-assist features), the Company recognizes that it is competing with considerably larger and more geographically diverse electronics companies that could present a formidable competitive threat in the future as new products/features are brought to market.
Fire Protection Products

The Company manufactures photoelectric smoke detectors and alarms, photoelectric smoke detectors and visual signaling alarms, photoelectric smoke detectors and electrochemical carbon monoxide alarms, electrochemical carbon monoxide detectors and alarms, audible and visual signaling alarms, and bells and speakers for use in fire detection systems in office buildings, hotels, and other commercial establishments, as well as residential applications.
Markets and Marketing. The Company’s fire protection products are sold directly to fire protection and security product distributors under the Company’s brand name, to electrical wholesale houses, and to original equipment manufacturers of fire protection systems under both the Company’s brand name and private labels. The Company markets its fire protection products primarily in North America, but also globally through regional sales managers and manufacturer representative organizations.
Competition. The fire protection products industry is highly competitive in terms of both the smoke detectors and signaling appliance markets. The Company estimates that it competes principally with eight manufacturers of smoke detection products for commercial use and approximately four manufacturers within the residential market, three of which produce photoelectric smoke detectors. In the signaling appliance markets, the Company estimates it competes with approximately seven manufacturers. While the Company faces significant competition in the sale of smoke detectors and signaling appliances, it believes that the introduction of new products, improvements to its existing

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products, its diversified product line, and the availability of special features will permit the Company to maintain its competitive position.
Dimmable Aircraft Windows
The Company previously announced that it would provide variably dimmable windows for the passenger compartment on the Boeing 787 Dreamliner Series of Aircraft. Boeing delivered the first 787 Dreamliner Series of aircraft to All Nippon Airways (ANA) on September 27, 2011. The Company continued to ship parts for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner Series of Aircraft.
Markets and Marketing. The Company markets its products to aircraft manufacturers globally.
Competition. The Company’s variable dimmable aircraft windows are the first commercialized product of its type for original equipment installation in the aircraft industry. Other manufacturers are working to develop and sell competing products utilizing other technology in the aircraft industry for aftermarket or original equipment installation.
The Company’s success with electrochromic technology provides potential opportunities for other commercial applications, which the Company expects to explore in the future when and as the Company feels it is in its best interests to do so.
Trademarks and Patents
The Company owns 21 U.S. trademarks and 421 U.S. patents, 388 of which relate to electrochromic technology, automotive rearview mirrors, microphones, displays, cameras and/or sensor technology. These patents expire between 2014 and 2032. The Company believes that these patents provide the Company a competitive advantage in the automotive rearview mirror market.
The Company also owns 61 foreign trademarks and 336 foreign patents, 324 of which relate to electrochromic technology, automotive rearview mirrors, microphones, displays cameras and/or sensor technology. These patents expire at various times between 2014 and 2030. The Company believes that the competitive advantage derived in the relevant foreign markets for these patents is comparable to that experienced in the U.S. market.
The Company owns 13 U.S. patents and 9 foreign patents that relate to the Company’s fire protection products, and the Company believes that the competitive advantage provided by these patents is relatively small.

The Company’s remaining 20 U.S. patents and remaining 3 foreign patents owned by the Company relate to the Company’s variable dimmable windows.
The Company also has in process 154 U.S. patent applications, 122 foreign patent applications, and 5 trademark applications. The Company continuously seeks to improve its core technologies and apply those technologies to new and existing products. As those efforts produce patentable inventions, the Company expects to file appropriate patent applications.
In addition, the Company periodically obtains intellectual property rights, in the ordinary course of the Company's business, to strengthen its intellectual property portfolio and minimize potential risks of infringement.
Miscellaneous
The Company considers itself to be engaged in the manufacture and sale of automatic-dimming rearview mirrors, non- automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and electronics for the automotive industry, fire protection products for the commercial building industry and variable dimmable windows for the aircraft industry. The Company has several important customers within the automotive industry, three of which each account for 10% or more of the Company’s annual sales (including direct sales to OEM customers and sales through their Tier 1 suppliers): Volkswagen/Audi, Toyota Motor Company and Daimler AG. The loss of any of these customers could have a material adverse effect on the Company. The Company’s backlog of unshipped orders was $322.3 million and $271.2 million at February 1, 2014, and 2013, respectively.
At February 1, 2014, the Company had 3,801 full-time employees. None of the Company’s employees are represented by a labor union or other collective bargaining representative. The Company believes that its relations with its employees are in good standings.



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(d)
Financial Information About Geographic Areas.
See “Markets and Marketing” in Narrative Description of Business (Item 1(c)) and Note 7 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for certain information regarding geographic areas.
 
(e)
Available Information.
The Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports, will be made available, free of charge, through the Investor Information section of the Company’s Internet website (http://www.gentex.com) as soon as practicable after such materials are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The SEC maintains an Internet website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issues that a company files electronically with the SEC.
 

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Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
Safe Harbor for Forward-Looking Statements. This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The statements contained in this communication that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give the Company’s current expectations or forecasts of future events. These forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of words such as “anticipate”, “believe”, “could”, “estimate”, “expect”, “forecast”, “goal”, “hope”, “may”, “plan”, “project”, “will”, and variations of such words and similar expressions. Such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that are often difficult to predict and beyond the Company’s control, and could cause the Company’s results to differ materially from those described. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation: changes in general industry or regional market conditions; changes in consumer and customer preferences for our products; our ability to be awarded new business; continued uncertainty in pricing negotiations with customers; loss of business from increased competition; customer bankruptcies or divestiture of customer brands; fluctuation in vehicle production schedules; changes in product mix; raw material shortages; higher raw material, fuel, energy and other costs; unfavorable fluctuations in currencies or interest rates in the regions in which we operate; costs or difficulties related to the integration of any new or acquired technologies and businesses; changes in regulatory conditions; warranty and recall claims and other litigation and customer reactions thereto; possible adverse results of pending or future litigation or infringement claims; negative impact of any governmental investigations and associated litigations including securities litigations relating to the conduct of our business; integration of the newly acquired HomeLink® business operations; retention of the newly acquired customers of the HomeLink® business; and expansion of product offerings including those incorporating HomeLink® technology. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law or the rules of the Nasdaq Global Select Market.
The following risk factors, together with all other information provided in this Annual Report on Form 10-K should be carefully considered.
Automotive Industry. 98% of our net sales are to customers within the automotive industry. The automotive industry has always been cyclical and highly impacted by levels of economic activity. The current economic environment, while improving, continues to be uncertain (especially in Europe, which is our largest automotive shipping destination) and continues to cause increased financial and production stresses evidenced by volatile production levels, volatility with customer orders, supplier part shortages, automotive plan shutdowns, customer and supplier financial issues/bankruptcies, commodity material cost increases, consumer preference shift to smaller vehicles, where we have a lower penetration rate and lower content per vehicle, due to fuel costs and environmental concerns, and supply chain stresses. If automotive customers (including their Tier 1 suppliers) and suppliers experience bankruptcies, work stoppages, strikes, part shortages, etc., it could disrupt our shipments to these customers, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.

Automakers continue to experience volatility and uncertainty in executing planned new programs which result in delays or cancellations of new vehicle platforms, package configurations, and inaccurate volume forecasts. This challenge makes it difficult for us to forecast future sales and manage costs, inventory, capital, engineering, research and development, and human resource investments.
Key Customers. We have a number of large customers, including three automotive customers which each account for 10% or more of our annual net sales in 2013 (including direct sales to OEM customers and sales through their Tier 1 suppliers): Volkswagen/Audi, Toyota Motor Company and Daimler AG. The loss of all or a substantial portion of the sales to, or decreases in production by, any of these customers (or certain other significant customers) could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Pricing Pressures. We continue to experience on-going pricing pressures from our automotive customers and competitors, which have affected, and which will continue to affect our profit margins to the extent that we are unable to offset the price reductions with engineering and purchasing cost reductions, productivity improvements, and increases in unit sales volume, each of which pose an ongoing challenge, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.

Competition. We recognize that Magna Mirrors, our main competitor and wholly-owned subsidiary of Magna International, may have considerably more resources available to it, and may present a formidable competitive threat.


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The Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007 (KTSA), indicating rules would be instituted requiring that new vehicles be equipped with a rear video camera and a rear video display, had implementation of such rules delayed multiple times. The KTSA indication that rear video would be required has increased competition for systems capable of rear video in a variety of locations in the vehicle. Our Rear Camera Display mirror application has and will continue to be affected by this increased competition.
Our SmartBeam® product is a driver-assist feature for headlamp lighting control that competes with other multiple-function driver-assist features that include headlamp lighting control as one of the multiple functions. While we believe SmartBeam® is a low cost solution for a safety feature that makes nighttime driving safer by maximizing a vehicle's high-beam usage, competition from multiple-function driver-assist products could impact the long-term success of the SmartBeam®. As we continue to expand the capabilities of its CMOS imager technology for additional driver-assist features, we recognize that we are competing against multiple-function driver-assist technologies that have presented and will continue to present a competitive threat for SmartBeam®.

Business Combinations. We anticipate that acquisitions of businesses and assets may play a role in our future growth. We cannot be certain that we will be able to identify attractive acquisition targets, obtain financing for acquisitions on satisfactory terms, successfully acquire identified targets or manage timing of acquisitions with capital obligations across our businesses. Additionally, we may not be successful in integrating acquired businesses into our existing operations and achieving projected synergies. Competition for acquisition opportunities in the various industries in which we operate may rise, thereby increasing our costs of making acquisitions or causing us to refrain from making further acquisitions. We are also subject to applicable antitrust laws and must avoid anticompetitive behavior. These and other acquisition-related factors may negatively and adversely impact our growth, profitability and results of operations.

The integration of the HomeLink® business will continue to occur over the next 12 to 18 months. Many factors, though not currently expected, could introduce additional risks to the business including customer approvals and support that, if not received, could have a negative impact on the Company and future performance. Examples of risk associated with customer support and approvals are in the areas of manufacturing changes, purchase order changes, freight and logistics changes, sourcing awards for new and replacement programs and quality approvals and sign-offs.  In addition, we will face risks in regard to our ability to own and operate all facets of the HomeLink® business, including support from suppliers and compatibility partners, manufacturing skills, equipment and know-how, capacity constraints, electronic ordering systems, inventory levels, shipping and logistics systems, and invoicing/payment systems. Moreover, there are inherent business risks associated with disruptive technologies, consumer preference changes, macro-economic impacts and customer business relationships that may negatively and adversely impact our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
Intellectual Property. We believe that our patents and trade secrets provide us with a competitive advantage in automotive rearview mirrors and electronics, although no singular patent is necessarily required for the success of our products. The loss of any significant combination of patents and trade secrets regarding our products could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. The lack of intellectual property protection is well-known in a number of countries, including China. This trend represents an increasing risk to technology companies in the United States, including Gentex.
New Technology and Product Development. We continue to invest a significant portion of our annual sales in engineering, research and development projects as set forth in our Consolidated Statements of Income of our Consolidated Financial Statements filed with this report. Should these efforts ultimately prove unsuccessful, our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations could be adversely affected.
Intellectual Property Litigation and Infringement Claims. A successful claim of patent or other intellectual property infringement and damages against us could affect our profitability and future growth. If someone claims that our products infringed their intellectual property rights, any resulting litigation could be costly and time consuming and would divert the attention of management and key personnel from other business issues. The complexity of the technology involved in our business and the uncertainty of intellectual property litigation significantly increases these risks and makes such risk part of our on-going business. To that end, we periodically obtain intellectual property rights, in the ordinary course of business, to strengthen our intellectual property portfolio and minimize potential risks of infringement. The increasing tendency of patents granted to others on combinations of known technology is a potential threat to our Company. Any of these adverse consequences could potentially have an effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.

9



Credit Risk. In light of the continuing financial stresses within the worldwide automotive industry, certain automakers and Tier 1 customers are considering the sale of certain business segments or may be considering bankruptcy. Should one or more of our larger customers (including sales through their Tier 1 suppliers) declare bankruptcy or sell their business, it could adversely affect the collection of receivables, our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. The current uncertain economic environment continues to cause increased financial pressures and production stresses on our customers, which could impact timely customer payments and ultimately the collectability of receivables.
Our overall allowance for doubtful accounts primarily relates to financially distressed Tier 1 mirror customers. We continue to work with these financially distressed customers in collecting past due balances. Refer to Note 1 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details regarding our allowance for doubtful accounts.
Supply Chain Disruptions. Due to the just-in-time supply chains within the automotive industry, a disruption in a supply chain caused by one or more of our suppliers and/or an unrelated tier one supplier due to part shortages, natural disasters, work stoppages, strikes, bankruptcy, etc. could disrupt our shipments to one or more automaker or Tier 1 customers, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Business Disruptions. Manufacturing of our proprietary products employing electro-optic technology is performed at our five manufacturing facilities in Zeeland and Holland, Michigan. One of our manufacturing facilities is located in Holland, Michigan, which is approximately three miles from our other four manufacturing facilities in Zeeland, Michigan. Should a catastrophic event occur, our ability to manufacture product, complete existing orders and provide other services could be severely impacted for an undetermined period of time. We have purchased business interruption insurance to address some of these potential costs. Our inability to conduct normal business operations for a period of time may have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.

IT Infrastructure. A failure of our information technology (IT) infrastructure could adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. We rely upon the capacity, reliability and security of our information technology infrastructure and our ability to expand and continually update this infrastructure in response to the changing needs of our business. For example, we have implemented new enterprise resource planning and other IT systems in certain aspects of our businesses over a period of several years and continue to update and further implement new systems going forward. These systems may not perform as expected. We also face the challenge of supporting our older systems and implementing necessary upgrades. If we experience a problem with the functioning of an important IT system or a security breach of our IT systems, the resulting disruptions could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. We and certain of our third-party vendors receive and store personal information in connection with our human resources operations and other aspects of our business. Despite our implementation of security measures, our IT systems, like all IT systems, are vulnerable to damages from computer viruses, natural disasters, unauthorized access, cyber-attack and other similar disruptions. Any system failure, accident or security breach could result in disruptions to our operations. A material network breach in the security of our IT systems could include the theft of our intellectual property, trade secrets or customer information. To the extent that any disruptions or security breach results in a loss or damage to our data, or an inappropriate disclosure of confidential or customer information, it could cause significant damage to our reputation, affect our relationships with our customers, lead to claims against the Company and ultimately harm our business. In addition, we may be required to incur significant costs to protect against damage caused by these disruptions or security breaches in the future.

Employees. Our business success depends on attracting and retaining qualified personnel. Our ability to sustain and grow our business requires us to hire, retain and develop a highly skilled and diverse management team and workforce. Failure to ensure that we have the leadership capacity with the necessary skill set and experience could impede our ability to deliver our growth objectives and execute our strategic plan. Organizational and reporting changes within management could result in increased turnover. In addition, any unplanned turnover or inability to attract and retain key employees, including managers, could have a negative effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.

Government Regulations. New regulations related to conflict minerals could adversely impact our business. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act contains provisions to improve transparency and accountability concerning the supply of certain minerals, known as conflict minerals, originating from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and adjoining countries. As a result, in August 2012 the SEC adopted annual disclosure and reporting requirements for those companies who use conflict minerals mined from the DRC and adjoining countries in their products. These new requirements required due diligence efforts in 2013, with initial disclosure requirements beginning in May 2014. There will be costs associated with complying with these disclosure requirements, including for diligence to determine the sources of conflict minerals used in our products and other potential changes to products,

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processes or sources of supply as a consequence of such verification activities. The implementation of these rules could adversely affect the sourcing, supply and pricing of materials used in our products. As there may be only a limited number of suppliers offering "conflict free" minerals, we cannot be sure that we will be able to obtain necessary conflict minerals from such suppliers in sufficient quantities or at competitive prices. Also, we may face reputational challenges if we determine that certain of our products contain minerals not determined to be conflict free or if we are unable to sufficiently verify the origins for all conflict minerals used in our products through the procedures we may implement.

The European New Car Assessment Program (Euro NCAP) provides an incentive to European automobile manufacturers to make safety technologies that include camera based driver assist features such as lane detection, vehicle detection, and pedestrian detection as standard equipment. Euro NCAP compliant camera based driver assist systems are also capable of including high beam assist as a function. The increased application of Euro NCAP on European vehicles can potentially have a negative impact on our SmartBeam® product by utilizing driver assist camera systems that include the high beam assist feature. While the Company does continue product development and launch of new SmartBeam® and new driver assist camera products on European vehicles, the potential for increased competition may exist in the future.

Other. Other issues and uncertainties which could adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations include:
 
Volatility in commodity prices may adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or results of operations. If commodity prices rise, and if we are not able to recover these cost increases from our customers, these increases will have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.

Uncertain equity markets could negatively impact our financial performance due to an increase in realized losses on the sale of equity investments and/or recognized losses due to an Other-Than-Temporary impairment adjustment on available-for-sale securities.

General economic conditions continue to be of concern in many of the regions in which we do business, given that our primary industry is greatly impacted by overall, general economic conditions. Any continued adverse worldwide economic conditions, currency exchange rates, war or significant terrorist acts, could each affect worldwide automotive sales and production levels.

Manufacturing yield issues may negatively impact our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.

Obligations and costs associated with addressing quality issues or warranty claims could adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.

Interest rate fluctuations on the Company's long term debt financing could negatively impact our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.


Antitakeover Provisions. Our articles of incorporation, bylaws, and the laws of Michigan include provisions that may provide our board of directors with adequate time to consider whether a hostile takeover offer is in our best interest and the best interests of our shareholders. These provisions, however, could discourage potential acquisition proposals and could delay or prevent a change in control.
Fluctuations in Market Price. The market price for our common stock has fluctuated, ranging from a low of $18.11 to a high of $34.15 during 2013. The overall market and the price of our common stock may continue to fluctuate. There may be a significant impact on the market price for our common stock relating to the issues discussed above or due to any of the following:
 
variations in our anticipated or actual operating results or the results of our competitors;
changes in investors’ or analysts’ perceptions of the risks and conditions of our business and in particular our primary industry;
variations in our anticipated or actual operating results related to the HomeLink® acquisition in 2013;
changes in investors’ or analysts’ perceptions of how the Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007 (which has been delayed several times), and in particular the new rulemaking, may impact our business in the future;

11



intellectual property litigation and infringement claims;
the size of the public float of our common stock;
market conditions, including the industry in which we operate, and
general macroeconomic conditions.

Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.
None
 

Item 2.
Properties.
As of December 31, 2013 The Company operates primarily out of five facilities in Zeeland and Holland, Michigan, which consist of manufacturing and office space. The Company also operates a chemistry lab facility to support production in Zeeland, Michigan. In addition, the Company operates overseas offices in Europe and Asia as further discussed below. The office and production facility for the Fire Protection Products Group is a 25,000 square-foot, one-story building leased by the Company since 1978 from related parties (see Part III, Item 13, of this report).

North America

The corporate office and production facility for the Company’s Automotive Products Group is a modern, two-story, 150,000 square-foot building of steel and masonry construction situated on a 40-acre site in a well-kept industrial park. A second 128,000 square-foot office/manufacturing facility was completed on this site in 1996. The Company expanded its automotive production facilities by constructing a third 170,000 square-foot facility on its current site which opened in 2000.
In 2002, the Company expanded its manufacturing operations in Zeeland, Michigan, with the construction of a 150,000 square-foot automotive mirror manufacturing facility. In 2003, the Company also announced plans for a new 200,000 square-foot technical office facility linking the fourth manufacturing facility with its existing corporate office and production facility. The Company completed the construction of its fourth automotive manufacturing facility and the new technical center in 2006 at a total cost of approximately $38 million, which was funded from its cash and cash equivalents on hand.
In 2008, the Company expanded its automotive exterior mirror manufacturing facility in Zeeland, Michigan, with the construction of a 60,000 square-foot building addition, which was completed at a cost of approximately $6 million, which was funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand.
In December 2010, the Company purchased, with cash and cash equivalents on hand, an existing 108,000-square-foot electronics manufacturing facility in Holland, Michigan, which is located approximately three miles from its other manufacturing facilities in Zeeland, Michigan. The facility was operational in the first quarter of 2011 and at full capacity in the third quarter of 2011. The total cost to purchase the facility and building improvements was approximately $5 million. In 2012, the Company expanded its electronics assembly facility in Holland, Michigan, with the construction of a 125,000 square-foot expansion. The total cost of the facility expansion was approximately $25 million
In 2012, the Company expanded its automotive exterior mirror manufacturing facility in Zeeland, Michigan, with the construction of a 32,000 square-foot building addition, which was completed at a cost of approximately $4 million. The Company also in 2012 constructed a 60,000 square-foot chemistry lab facility in Zeeland, Michigan, which was completed as a cost of approximately $11.5 million. These expansion projects in 2012 were funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand.
In 2013, the Company completed the previously announced 120,000 square-foot expansion project connecting two of its manufacturing facilities in Zeeland, Michigan, with a total cost of $25 million as well as the previously announced 10,000 square-foot facility to centralize the production and distribution of chilled water that is used in production, chemistry labs, as well as air conditioning. This was completed for a total cost of $11 million. The above projects were was funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand.
Europe
The Company also has sales and engineering offices throughout Europe to support its sales and engineering efforts. In 1993, the Company established a sales and engineering office in Germany and the following year, the Company formed a German limited liability company, Gentex GmbH, to expand its sales and engineering support activities in Europe. In 2003, the Company constructed a 40,000 square-foot office, distribution and light manufacturing facility in

12



Erlenbach, Germany, at a cost of approximately $5 million, which was funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand. The Company also operates satellite sales and engineering offices in Hepberg, Munich, Pfaffenhoffen, Stuttgart and Cologne, Germany.
The Company currently also operates sales and engineering offices out of the United Kingdom, France and Sweden. In 2013, the Company opened a satellite engineering office in Sofia, Bulgaria in connection with the HomeLink® acquisition.
Asia
In 1998, the Company established Gentex Japan, Inc., as a sales and engineering office in Nagoya, Japan, to expand its sales and engineering support in Japan. In 2002, the Company established Gentex Technologies Korea Co., Ltd. as a sales and engineering office in Seoul, Korea. In 2004, the Company established a satellite office in Yokohama, Japan. In 2011, the Company established a satellite office in Tochigi, Japan. In 2005, the Company opened a sales and engineering office near Shanghai, China. In 2006, the Company purchased a 25,000 square-foot office, distribution and light manufacturing facility near Shanghai, China, at a cost of approximately $750,000, which was funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand.
Capacity
The Company believes its existing and planned facilities are currently suitable, adequate, and have the capacity required for current and near-term planned business. Nevertheless, the Company continues to evaluate longer-term facility needs to support demand for its products. As a result, the Company performed master planning and completed land infrastructure improvements, with a cost of approximately $20 million, funded with cash and cash equivalents on hand, at a 140 acre site that the Company currently owns to prepare for its next facility. The timing of new facility construction is still uncertain due to the current economic environment, volatility in the automotive industry, uncertainties related to the timing of the ramp up of certain products as well as the Company's ability to leverage its existing facilities for additional capacity.
The Company estimates that it currently has building capacity to manufacture approximately 21-23 million interior mirror units annually, based on current product mix. The Company evaluates equipment capacity on an ongoing basis basis and adds equipment as needed. In 2013, the Company shipped 19.4 million interior auto-dimming mirrors.
The Company’s automotive exterior mirror manufacturing facility has an estimated building capacity to manufacture approximately 10 million units annually, based on the current product mix. The Company evaluates equipment capacity on an ongoing basis and adds equipment as needed. In 2013, the Company shipped approximately 6.9 million exterior auto-dimming mirrors.


Item 3.
Legal Proceedings.
The Company is periodically involved in legal proceedings, legal actions and claims arising in the normal course of business, including proceedings relating to product liability, intellectual property, safety and health, employment and other matters. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties, and outcomes are not predictable. The Company does not believe however, that at the current time any of these matters constitute material pending legal proceedings that will have a material adverse effect on the financial position or future results of operations of the Company.
 

Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.




13



PART II
 

Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 The Company’s common stock trades on The Nasdaq Global Select Market®. As of February 7, 2014, there were 1,666 record-holders of the Company’s common stock. Ranges of high and low sale prices of the Company’s common stock reported through The Nasdaq Global Select Market for the past two fiscal years appear in the following table.
 
Common Stock Price Range
 
Dividends Declared Per Share
Quarter
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
First Quarter
$18.11 - 20.31
 
$23.22 - 31.40
 
$
0.14

 
$
0.13

Second Quarter
$19.01 - 25.40
 
$19.36 - 25.57
 
0.14

 
0.13

Third Quarter
$21.29 - 26.26
 
$14.38 - 22.54
 
0.14

 
0.13

Fourth Quarter
$24.63 - 34.15
 
$15.25 - 18.93
 
0.14

 
0.13

Year
$18.11 - 34.15
 
$14.38 - 31.40
 
$
0.56

 
$
0.52

See Item 12 of Part III with respect to “Equity Compensation Plan Summary,” which is incorporated herein.
Stock Performance Graph: The following graph depicts the cumulative total return on the Company’s common stock compared to the cumulative total return on the Nasdaq Composite Index (all U.S. companies) and the Dow Jones U.S. Auto Parts Index (excluding tire and rubber makers). The graph assumes an investment of $100 on the last trading day of 2008, and reinvestment of dividends in all cases.


14



In August 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a continuing resolution to pay a quarterly dividend at an increased rate of $0.11 per share until the Board takes other action with respect to the payment of dividends. In February 2011, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a continuing resolution to pay a quarterly dividend at an increased rate of $0.12 per share until the Board takes other action with respect to the payment of dividends. In February 2012, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a continuing resolution to pay a quarterly dividend at an increased rate of $0.13 per share until the Board takes other action with respect to the payment of dividends. In February 2013, The Company's Board of Directors approved a continuing resolution to pay a quarterly dividend at an increased rate of $0.14 per share until the Board takes other action with respect to the payment of dividends. Based on current U.S. income tax laws, the Company intends to continue to pay a quarterly cash dividend and will consider future dividend rate adjustments based on the Company’s financial condition, profitability, cash flow, liquidity and other relevant business factors.
 
(b) Not applicable.

(c) On October 8, 2002, the Company announced a share repurchase plan, under which it may purchase up to
8,000,000 shares (post-split) based on a number of factors, including market conditions, the market price of the Company's common stock, anti-dilutive effect on earnings, available cash and other factors that the Company deems appropriate. On July 20, 2005, the Company announced that it had raised the price at which the Company may repurchase shares under the existing plan. On May 16, 2006, the Company announced that the Company's Board of Directors had authorized the repurchase of an additional 8,000,000 shares under the plan. On August 14, 2006, the Company announced that the Company's Board had authorized the repurchase of an additional 8,000,000 shares under the plan. On February 26, 2008, the Company announced that the Company's Board of Directors had authorized the repurchase of an additional 4,000,000 shares under the plan. On October 23, 2012, the Company announced that the Company's Board of Directors had authorized the repurchase of an additional 4,000,000 shares under the Plan. Cumulatively, the Company has repurchased 28,000,000 shares at a cost of $414,617,179 under the Plan. As of December 31, 2013, 4,000,000 shares remain authorized to be repurchased under the Plan. The Company bases its repurchases on a number of factors including market, economic and industry conditions; the market price of the Company's common stock; anti-dilutive effect on earnings; available cash; and other factors that the Company deems appropriate. There were no share repurchases in 2013.The following is a summary of quarterly share repurchase activity under the plan to date:

The following is a summary of quarterly share repurchase activity under the plan to date:
Quarter Ended
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
(Post-Split)
 
Cost of Shares
Purchased
March 31, 2003
830,000

 
$
10,246,810

September 30, 2005
1,496,059

 
25,214,573

March 31, 2006
2,803,548

 
47,145,310

June 30, 2006
7,201,081

 
104,604,414

September 30, 2006
3,968,171

 
55,614,102

December 31, 2006
1,232,884

 
19,487,427

March 31, 2007
447,710

 
7,328,015

March 31, 2008
2,200,752

 
34,619,490

June 30, 2008
1,203,560

 
19,043,775

September 30, 2008
2,519,153

 
39,689,410

December 31, 2008
2,125,253

 
17,907,128

September 30, 2012
1,971,829

 
33,716,725

Total
28,000,000

 
$
414,617,179









15



Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
Net Sales
$
1,171,864

 
$1,099,560
 
$
1,023,762

 
$
816,263

 
$
544,523

Net Income
222,930

 
168,587

 
164,668

 
137,734

 
64,637

Earnings Per Share (Fully Diluted)
$
1.55

 
$
1.17

 
$
1.14

 
$
0.98

 
$
0.47

Gross Profit Margin
36.8
%
 
33.9
%
 
35.3
%
 
36.2
%
 
32.6
%
Cash Dividends per Common Share
$
0.56

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.48

 
$
0.44

 
$
0.44

Total Assets
$
1,764,088

 
$
1,265,691

 
$
1,176,027

 
$
1,002,691

 
$
822,603

Long-Term Debt Outstanding at Year End
$
265,625

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$


16




Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Results of Operations.
The following table sets forth for the periods indicated certain items from the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income expressed as a percentage of net sales and the percentage change in the dollar amount of each such item from that in the indicated previous year.
 
 
Percentage of Net Sales
 
Percentage Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
To
 
To
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net Sales
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
6.6
 %
 
7.4
 %
Cost of Goods Sold
63.2

 
66.1

 
64.7

 
2.0

 
9.7

Gross Profit
36.8

 
33.9

 
35.3

 
15.5

 
3.1

Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engineering, Research and Development
6.5

 
7.7

 
8.0

 
(10.0
)
 
4.1

Selling, General and Administrative
4.2

 
4.4

 
4.7

 
2.3

 
(0.4
)
Litigation Settlement

 
0.5

 

 
(100.0
)
 
N/A
Total Operating Expenses:
10.8

 
12.6

 
12.7

 
(8.9
)
 
6.3

Operating Income
26.0

 
21.3

 
22.6

 
30.0

 
1.3

Other Income/(Expense)
2.0

 
1.4

 
1.3

 
53.7

 
16.1

Income Before Provision for Income Taxes
28.0

 
22.7

 
23.9

 
31.4

 
2.1

Provision for Income Taxes
9.0

 
7.4

 
7.8

 
29.7

 
1.6

Net Income
19.0
%
 
15.3
%
 
16.1
%
 
32.2
 %
 
2.4
 %

Results of Operations: 2013 to 2012
Net Sales. Company net sales increased by $72.3 million, or 7% compared to the prior year. Automotive net sales increased by 6% on a 10% increase in auto-dimming mirror shipments, from 23.8 million units in 2012 to 26.2 million units, primarily reflecting increased overall penetration of auto-dimming mirrors. North American automotive mirror unit shipments increased 6% in 2013 compared with the prior year, primarily due to increased penetration of the Company's exterior auto-dimming mirrors, as well as a 5% year over year increase in North American light vehicle production. International automotive mirror unit shipments increased 13% in 2013 when compared with the prior year, primarily due to increased penetration of both interior and exterior auto-dimming mirrors to certain European and Japanese automakers, in spite of flat vehicle production in Europe and a 4% decline in vehicle production in the Japanese/Korean markets on a year over year basis.
Other net sales increased 23% to $27.9 million, as dimmable aircraft window sales increased 62% year over year and fire protection sales increased 3% year over year.
Cost of Goods Sold. As a percentage of net sales, cost of goods sold decreased from 66.1% in 2012 to 63.2% in 2013, primarily reflecting improvements in product mix and purchasing cost reductions, partially offset by annual automotive customer price reductions. Each positive factor is estimated to have impacted cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales by approximately 1-2 percentage points.
Operating Expenses. Engineering, research and development expenses decreased by $8.5 million from 2012 to 2013, and was 7% of net sales down from 8% of sales in the prior year. E, R & D expenses decreased 10% year over year, compared to calendar year 2012 primarily due to planned reduced costs associated with temporary outside contract engineering and development services, partially offset by increased permanent staffing levels.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $1.1 million or 2% from 2012 to 2013, and remained at 4% of net sales due in part to expenses related to the HomeLink® acquisition.

17




Total Other Income/(Expense). Investment income increased $1.4 million in 2013 versus 2012, primarily due to increased year-end mutual fund distribution income. Other income – net increased $6.7 million in 2013 versus 2012, primarily due to increased realized gains on the sale of equity investments, partially offset by increased interest expense associated with the Company's debt financing.
Taxes. The provision for federal income taxes varied from the statutory rate in 2013 primarily due to the domestic manufacturing deduction.
Net Income. Net income increased by $54.3 million, or 32% year over year, primarily due to increased sales and gross profit.
Results of Operations: 2012 to 2011
Net Sales. Company net sales increased by $75.8 million, or 7% compared to the prior year. Automotive net sales increased by 7% on a 11% increase in auto-dimming mirror shipments, from 21.5 million (in 2011) to 23.8 million (in 2012) units, primarily reflecting increased light vehicle production in North America as well as increased penetration of auto-dimming mirrors on 2012 and 2013 model year vehicles. North American auto-dimming mirror unit shipments in 2012 increased by 22% compared to 2011, primarily as a result of increased auto-dimming mirror unit shipments to certain Japanese transplant automakers and to the traditional Big Three automakers. Overseas mirror unit shipments increased by 5% during 2012 compared to 2011, primarily due to increased auto-dimming mirror unit shipments to certain European and Japanese automakers. Other net sales increased 10% compared to the prior year, as dimmable aircraft window sales increased 56% year over year and fire protection sales decreased 5% year over year.
Cost of Goods Sold. As a percentage of net sales, cost of goods sold increased from 64.7% in 2011 to 66.1% in 2012, primarily reflecting annual automotive customer price reductions and product mix, partially offset by purchasing cost reductions. Each negative factor is estimated to have impacted cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales by approximately 1-2 percentage points.
Operating Expenses. Engineering, research and development expenses increased approximately $3.4 million from 2011 to 2012, but remained at approximately 8% of net sales. E, R & D expenses increased 4% year over year, primarily due to additional employee hiring for new product development projects and program awards, partially offset by reduced costs associated with outside contract/engineering/development services.
Selling, general and administrative expenses were approximately flat from 2011 to 2012, and declined to 4% of net sales from 5% year-over-year, primarily due to increased overseas office expense, offset by the impact of foreign exchange rates. The impact of foreign exchange rates was approximately three percentage points in 2012 vs. 2011.
During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company in the ordinary course of business incurred litigation settlement expense of $5 million related to the Company's litigation with American Vehicular Sciences LLC ("AVS"). On June 25, 2012, AVS filed four patent infringement complaints in the United States District Court in the Eastern District of Texas, which named the Company and one of two of its customers as co-defendants. In two of the complaints (#6:12-cv-00413 and #6:12-cv-00406), AVS alleged that the Company's SmartBeam® product infringed one patent owned by AVS. In the other two complaints (#6:12-cv-00410 and #6:12-cv-00415), AVS alleged that the Company's monitoring system products infringe two other patents owned by AVS. The Company was served with the four complaints on July 27, 2012. On October 5, 2012, the Company submitted its answers to all four complaints. On December 28, 2012, in the ordinary course of business, the Company entered into a settlement/license agreement (“agreement”) with AVS, settling all pending litigation. As a result of the agreement, the United States District Court in the Eastern District of Texas has ordered that the Company is dismissed with prejudice as a defendant in the complaints filed by AVS.
Total Other Income/(Expense). Investment income increased $1.1 million in 2012 vs. 2011, primarily due to increased year-end mutual fund distribution income. Other income – net increased $1.0 million in 2012 vs. 2011, primarily due to increased realized gains on the sale of equity investments.
Taxes. The provision for federal income taxes varied from the statutory rate in 2012 primarily due to the domestic manufacturing deduction.
Net Income. Net income increased by $3.9 million, or 2% year over year, primarily due to increased sales and gross profit.


18




Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company’s financial condition throughout the periods presented has remained very strong, in spite of the general economic environment and conditions in our primary industry of automotive which, even though improving in certain regions, has not necessarily fully recovered.
The Company's cash and cash equivalents were $309.6 million, $389.7 million and $358.0 million as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The Company's cash and cash equivalents include amounts held by foreign subsidiaries of $8.1 million, $6.6 million and $6.0 million as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The funds held by foreign subsidiaries are considered indefinitely reinvested to be used to support operations outside the United States. The Company does not intend to repatriate any foreign cash or cash equivalents in the foreseeable future. These amounts would be subject to possible U.S. taxation only if remitted as dividends.
The Company's current ratio decreased from 8.5 as of December 31, 2012, to 5.0 as of December 31, 2013, due primarily due to a reduction in cash and cash equivalents as a result of the HomeLink® acquisition. The Company's current ratio increased from 7.5 as of December 31, 2011, to 8.5 as of December 31, 2012, primarily as a result of an increase in cash and cash equivalents and a decrease in accounts payable, partially offset by a decrease in inventory.
Cash flow from operating activities was $317.3 million, $257.8 million and $141.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. Cash flow from operating activities increased $59.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to the prior year, primarily due to increased net income. Cash flow from operating activities increased $116.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared the same period in 2011, primarily due to reductions in inventory.
Cash flow used for investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2013 increased $501.2 million to $633.3 million, compared with $132.1 million, during 2012, primarily due to the HomeLink® acquisition. Cash flow used for investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2012 increased $28.6 million to $132.1 million, compared to the year ended December 31, 2011, primarily as a result of changes in the Company's available for sale securities and other assets. Capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2013, were $55.4 million, compared with $117.5 million for the same period last year, primarily due to a reduction in production equipment purchases and building related costs. During 2013, capital expenditures were related primarily to production equipment purchases.
Cash flow from financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2013, increased $329.9 million to $235.8 million, compared to the prior year, primarily due to proceeds from borrowings on the Company's long-term debt financing, discussed further in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Cash flow used for financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2012, increased $65.5 million to $94.1 million compared to the prior year, primarily due to increases in repurchases of common stock.
Cash and cash equivalents as of December 31, 2013 decreased $80.1 million compared to December 31, 2012, primarily due to cash used for the previously announced HomeLink® acquisition, which was partially offset by proceeds from new debt financing as well as cash flow from operations.
Short-term investments as of December 31, 2013 decreased from $60.8 million as of December 31, 2012 to $0 due to maturities and liquidations of the Company’s short term investment portfolio in preparation for the HomeLink® acquisition.
Accounts receivable as of December 31, 2013 increased $33.5 million compared to December 31, 2012, primarily due to the higher sequential sales level.
Inventories as of December 31, 2013, decreased $39.9 million compared to December 31, 2012, primarily due to a decrease in raw materials inventory.

Goodwill as of December 31, 2013 was $307.4 million due to the Goodwill recorded as a result of the HomeLink® acquisition, explained further in Notes 10 and 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Long-term investments as of December 31, 2013, decreased $34.8 million compared to December 31, 2012, primarily due to realized gains on sales of equity investments that were not re-invested, partially offset by an increase in unrealized gains on equity investments as a result of current market conditions.
Intangible Assets, net as of December 31, 2013 was $366.2 million due to the recording of intangible assets as a result of the HomeLink® acquisition, explained further in Notes 10 and 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

19



Accounts payable as of December 31, 2013, increased $13.3 million compared to December 31, 2012, primarily due the timing of certain payments.
Long term debt as of December 31, 2013 was $265.6 million, due to the Company's new debt financing incurred in connection with the HomeLink® acquisition, explained further in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Management considers the Company’s current working capital and long-term investments, as well as its existing debt financing arrangement (notwithstanding covenants prohibiting additional indebtedness), discussed further in Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements, in addition to internally generated cash flow to be sufficient to cover anticipated cash needs for the foreseeable future considering its contractual obligations and commitments. The following is a summary of working capital and long-term investments:
The following is a summary of the Company's working capital and long-term investments as of December 31, 2013, 2012, 2011:
 
2013
2012
2011
Working Capital
$
481,205,828

$
656,705,598

$
583,180,645

Long Term Investments
107,005,522

141,834,034

129,091,167

Total
$
588,211,350

$
798,539,632

$
712,271,812


Outlook

The Company utilizes the light vehicle production forecasting services of IHS Worldwide, and IHS current forecasts for light vehicle production for the first quarter of 2014 are approximately 4.27 million units for North America, 5.03 million for Europe and 3.60 million for Japan and Korea. Current forecasts for light vehicle production for calendar 2014 are approximately 16.8 million units for North America, 19.6 million for Europe and 12.7 million for Japan and Korea.
The Company currently estimates that top line revenue will increase approximately 20% in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the same period in 2013 based on the current IHS worldwide forecast for current light vehicle production levels and our anticipated product mix. These estimates are based on light vehicle production forecasts in the regions to which the Company ships product, as well as the estimated option rates for its mirrors on prospective vehicle models and anticipated product mix. Continuing uncertainties, including light vehicle production levels; supplier part shortages; automotive plant shutdowns; sales rates in Europe, Asia and North America; challenging macroeconomic environments; OEM strategies and cost pressures; customer inventory management and the impact of potential automotive customer (including their Tier 1 suppliers) and supplier bankruptcies; work stoppages, strikes, etc., which could disrupt shipments to these customers, make forecasting difficult.
The integration of the HomeLink® business will continue to occur over the next 12 to 18 months. Many factors, though not currently expected, could introduce additional risks to the business including customer approvals and support that, if not received, could have a negative impact on the Company and future performance. Examples of risk associated with customer support and approvals are in the areas of manufacturing changes, purchase order changes, freight and logistics changes, sourcing awards for new and replacement programs and quality approvals and sign-offs.  In addition, we will face risks in regard to our ability to own and operate all facets of the HomeLink® business, including support from suppliers and compatibility partners, manufacturing skills, equipment and know-how, capacity constraints, electronic ordering systems, inventory levels, shipping and logistics systems, and invoicing/payment systems. Moreover, there are inherent business risks associated with disruptive technologies, consumer preference changes, macro-economic impacts and customer business relationships that may negatively and adversely impact our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
The Company also continues to experience volatility with customer orders within its twelve-week customer release window with some customers (including Tier 1 mirror suppliers) revising orders at the last minute. Due to significant uncertainties with global vehicle production volumes, it is an extremely difficult environment to forecast, and as a result, the Company is not providing revenue estimates beyond the first quarter of 2014 at this time.
The Company also estimates that engineering, research and development expenses are currently expected to increase approximately 10 - 15% in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the same period in 2013, primarily due to staffing and benefit costs which continue to support growth and the development of new business, as well as personnel additions that were part of the HomeLink® acquisition. In addition, the Company estimates that selling, general and

20



administrative expenses are currently expected to increase approximately 20 - 25% in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the same period in 2013 primarily due to incremental employment costs and amortization expense related to the HomeLink® acquisition (this estimate is based on stable foreign exchange rates).
In light of on-going demand for our auto-dimming mirrors and electronics, the Company currently anticipates that 2014 capital expenditures will be approximately $75 - $85 million, a majority of which will be production equipment purchases. 2014 capital expenditures are currently anticipated to be financed from current cash and cash equivalents on hand.

Market Risk Disclosure
The Company is subject to market risk exposures of varying correlations and volatilities, including foreign exchange rate risk, interest rate risk and equity price risk. Volatile equity markets could negatively impact the Company's financial performance due to realized losses on the sale of equity investments and/or recognized losses due to other-than-temporary impairment adjustments on available-for-sale securities (mark-to-market adjustments). Interest rate fluctuations on the Company's long term debt financing could negatively impact our financial performance due to increased borrowing costs.
The Company has some assets, liabilities and operations outside the United States, including a Euro denominated account, which currently are not significant overall to the Company as a whole. Because the Company sells its automotive mirrors throughout the world and automobile manufacturing is highly dependent on general economic conditions, it could be significantly affected by weak economic conditions in foreign markets that could reduce demand for its products.
Most of the Company’s non-U.S. sales are invoiced and paid in U.S. dollars; during 2013, approximately 7% of the Company’s net sales were invoiced and paid in foreign currencies (compared to 8% for 2012 and 9% for 2011). The Company currently expects that approximately 7% of the Company’s net sales in 2014 will be invoiced and paid in foreign currencies. The Company does not currently engage in hedging activities.
In 2013, the Company sold all holdings in its' fixed-income investment portfolio in preparation for the HomeLink® acquisition. In 2012 and prior years, the Company managed its' interest rate risk and default risk in its fixed-income investment portfolio by investing in shorter-term maturities and investment grade issues. The Company’s fixed-income investments’ maturities at fair value (000,000) and average interest rates are as follows:
 
 
Total Balance as of
December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
U.S. Government
 
 
 
Amount
$

 
$
15.0

Average Interest Rate
%
 
0.2
%
Government Agency
 
 
 
Amount
$

 
$
38.5

Average Interest Rate
%
 
0.2
%
Certificates of Deposit
 
 
 
Amount
$

 
$
0.5

Average Interest Rate
%
 
2.6
%
Corporate Bonds
 
 
 
Amount
$

 
8.7

Average Interest Rate
%
 
1.6
%
Other
 
 
 
Amount
$

 
$
0.2

Average Interest Rate
%
 
0.1
%
 
Most of the Company’s equity investments are managed by a number of outside equity fund managers who invest primarily in large capitalization companies on the U.S. stock markets:
The Company does not have any significant off-balance sheet arrangements or commitments that have not been recorded in its Consolidated Financial Statements. See the Contractual Obligations and Other Commitments below.

21





Contractual Obligations and Other Commitments
The Company had the following contractual obligations and other commitments (000,000) as of December 31, 2013 . 
 
Total
 
Less than 1 Year
 
1-3 Years
 
After 3 Years
Short-term debt
7.5

 
7.5

 
$


$

Long-term debt
265.6

 

 
$
15.0

 
250.6

Interest on short and long-term debt
47.6

 
3.2

 
6.2

 
38.2

Operating leases
2.1

 
1.1

 
0.6

 
0.4

Purchase obligations
124.8

 
124.8

 

 

Dividends payable
20.4

 
20.4

 

 

Total
$
468.0

 
$
157.0

$

$
21.8

 
$
289.2

Purchase obligations are primarily for raw material inventory and capital equipment.
Critical Accounting Policies.
The preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, requires management to make estimates, assumptions and apply judgments that affect its financial position and results of operations. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates these estimates and assumptions. Management also continually reviews its' accounting policies and financial information disclosures.
The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The policies described below represent those that are broadly applicable to its operations and involve additional management judgment due to the sensitivity of the methods, assumptions and estimates necessary in determining the related amounts.
Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 820, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements. Accordingly, revenue is recognized based on the terms of the customer purchase order that indicates title to the product and risk of ownership passes to the customer upon shipment. Sales are shown net of returns, which have not historically been significant. The Company does not generate sales from sale arrangements with multiple deliverables.
Accounts Receivable. The Company reviews a monthly aging report of all accounts receivable balances starting with invoices outstanding over sixty days. In addition, the Company monitors information about its customers through a variety of sources including the media, and information obtained through on-going interaction between Company personnel and the customer. Based on the evaluation of the above information, the Company estimates its allowances related to customer receivables on historical credit and collections experience, customers current financial condition and the specific identification of other potential problems, including the economic climate. Actual collections can differ, requiring adjustments to the allowances, but such adjustments have not, historically, been material.
Inventories. Estimated inventory allowances for slow-moving and obsolete inventories are based on current assessments of future demands, market conditions, evaluation of longer lead times for certain electronic components and related management initiatives. If market conditions or customer requirements change and are less favorable than those projected by management, inventory allowances are adjusted accordingly.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets. Goodwill represents the excess of fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date. In accordance with accounting guidance related to goodwill and other intangible assets, the Company will test for impairment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets annually in the fourth quarter and in certain situations between those annual dates, if interim indicators of impairment arise. Indefinite-lived intangible assets will be tested for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, by comparing the estimated fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset to the carrying value using a discounted cash flow approach. Intangible assets with a definite life are amortized over their useful life, which is the period over which the asset is expected to contribute directly or indirectly to future cash flows. Management will periodically assess the amortization period of intangible assets with definite lives based upon estimated future cash flows from related operations and tests for impairment when indicators arise. Given the timing of the HomeLink® acquisition, no impairment indicators arose during the year ended December 31, 2013 which would give reason for an interim test to be performed on goodwill or intangible assets. Inherent in the calculation of the fair value of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are

22



various estimates. Future cash flow estimates are, by their nature, subjective, and actual results may differ materially from the Company’s estimates. If the Company’s ongoing estimates of future cash flows are not met, the Company may have to record impairment charges in future accounting periods.

Investments. The Company’s internal investment committee regularly reviews its fixed income and equity investment portfolio for any unrealized losses that would be deemed other-than-temporary and require the recognition of an impairment loss in income. If the cost of an investment exceeds its fair value, the Company evaluates, among other factors, general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than cost, and the Company’s intent and ability to hold the investment. Management also considers the type of security, related industry, sector performance, as well as published investment ratings and analyst reports to evaluate its portfolio. Once a decline in fair value is determined to be other-than-temporary, an impairment charge is recorded and a new cost basis in the investment is established. If market, industry, and/or investee conditions continue to deteriorate, the Company may incur future impairments.

Self Insurance. The Company is self-insured for health and workers’ compensation benefits up to certain stop-loss limits. Such costs are accrued based on known claims and an estimate of incurred, but not reported (IBNR) claims. IBNR claims are estimated using historical lag information and other data provided by claims administrators. This estimation process is subjective, and to the extent that future results differ from original estimates, adjustments to recorded accruals may be necessary.
Income Taxes. The Company applies the provisions of ASC 740 as it relates to uncertainty in income taxes recognized in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. A threshold of more likely than not to be sustained upon examination is applied to uncertain tax positions. The Company deems the estimates related to this provision to be reasonable, however, no assurance can be given that the final outcome of these matters will not vary from what is reflected in the historical income tax provisions and accruals.
Stock-Based Compensation. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with the fair value recognition provisions of ASC 718. The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes model, which requires the input of subjective assumptions. These assumptions include estimating (a) the length of time employees will retain their vested stock options before exercising them (“expected term”), (b) the volatility of the Company’s common stock price over the expected term, (c) the number of options that will ultimately not complete their vesting requirements (“forfeitures”) and (d) expected dividends. Changes in the subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of stock-based compensation and consequently, the related amounts recognized on the consolidated condensed statements of operations.
See also Item 13 of Part III with respect to “Certain Transactions”, which is incorporated herein.
 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
See “Market Risk Disclosure” in Management’s Discussion and Analysis (Item 7).

 

23




Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The following financial statements and reports of independent registered public accounting firm are filed with this report following the signature page:
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
Document
Page

24




Selected quarterly financial data for the past two years appears in the following table:
 
Quarterly Results of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
First
 
Second
 
Third
 
Fourth
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net Sales
$
269,499

 
$
290,707

 
$
286,974

 
$
280,256

 
$
288,622

 
$
268,248

 
$
326,770

 
$
260,349

Gross Profit
93,464

 
100,826

 
102,613

 
92,757

 
105,962

 
90,116

 
128,694

 
89,119

Operating Income
63,854

 
65,501

 
71,596

 
57,512

 
73,656

 
57,623

 
95,636

 
53,819

Net Income
45,431

 
46,345

 
52,097

 
40,767

 
55,521

 
41,877

 
69,881

 
39,599

Diluted Earnings per share
$
0.32

 
$
0.32

 
$
0.36

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.38

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.48

 
$
0.28

Basic Earnings per share
$
0.32

 
$
0.32

 
$
0.36

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.48

 
$
0.28

 


Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
As defined in Item 304 of Regulation S-K, there have been no changes in, or disagreements with, accountants during the 24-month period ended December 31, 2013.
 

Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures.
Disclosure Controls and Procedures.
As of December 31, 2013, Under the supervision of and with the participation of the Company’s management, the Company's CEO and CFO have evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures [(as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(e) and 15d – 15(e)] as of December 31, 2013, and have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are adequate and effective.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(f) and 15d – 15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1992 Framework). Based on this assessment, management asserts that the Company has maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013. The effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, has been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included in Part IV of this Form 10K.
Based on the Securities and Exchange Commission's interpretation guidance for newly acquired businesses, management's assessment of and conclusion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting did not include the internal controls of the HomeLink® acquisition, which was included in the Company's fiscal 2013 consolidated financial statements since the acquisition date of September 27, 2013. HomeLink® related assets constituted 40 percent of consolidated assets as of December 31, 2013 and 3 percent of consolidated net sales for the fiscal year then ended.
Except as noted above, during the period covered by this annual report, there have been no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting. There have been no significant changes in the Company’s internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to December 31, 2013.

Item 9B.
Other Information.
None.

25




PART III
 

Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
Executive Officers of the Registrant.
The following table lists the names, ages, and positions of all of the Company’s executive officers. Officers are generally elected at the meeting of the Board of Directors following the annual meeting of shareholders.
 
NAME
 
AGE
 
POSITION
 
POSITION HELD SINCE
Fred Bauer
 
71
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
May 1986
Mark Newton
 
54
 
Senior Vice President
 
August 2010
Bruce Los
 
58
 
Senior Vice President
 
February 2012
Paul Flynn
 
49
 
Vice President, Operations
 
January 2012
Steve Downing
 
36
 
Vice President, Finance and Treasurer
 
May 2013
Steve Dykman
 
48
 
Former Vice President, Finance and Treasurer
 
Jan. 2007 - May 2013
There are no family relationships among the officers listed in the preceding table.
Except for the executive officers discussed below, all other executive officers have held their current position with the Company for more than five years.
Mark Newton had previously served as Senior Vice President, Electronics, Purchasing and North American Sales since August 2009, as Senior Vice President, Electrical Engineering and Purchasing since June 2008, as Vice President, Purchasing and Advanced Technology since July 2007, as Vice President Purchasing and Photonics since July 2006, as Photonics Engineering Manager since July 2005 and joined the Company as Advanced Lighting Developer in August 2004. Mr. Newton became an executive officer of the Company on January 1, 2008.
Bruce Los joined the Company as Vice President, Human Resources in December 2003 and became an executive officer and Senior Vice President of the Company on February 16, 2012.
Paul Flynn had previously served as Director of Test and Manufacturing Systems since April 2011, as Manager of Electrical Testing and Microelectronics since October 2008, as Microelectronics Production Manager since September 2005, as Production Department Manager since April 2001 and joined the Company as a Production Group Leader in April 1996. Mr. Flynn became an executive officer of the Company on November 15, 2012.
Steve Downing was elected Vice President of Finance and Treasurer on May 17, 2013. He previously served as Vice President of Commercial Management from July 2012 to May 2013, as Director of Commercial Management from June 2009 to July 2012, as Commercial Manager from October 2006 to June 2009, as Senior Financial Analyst from April 2006 to October 2006, and prior to that was a Financial Analyst from his hire date in July 2002 to April 2006.
Information relating to directors appearing under the caption “Election of Directors” in the definitive Proxy Statement for 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and filed with the Commission within 120 days after the Company’s fiscal year end, December 31, 2013 (the “Proxy Statement”), is hereby incorporated herein by reference. No changes were made to the procedures by which shareholders may recommend nominees for the Board of Directors. Information concerning compliance with Section 16(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 appearing under the caption “Section 16(A) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Information relating to the Company’s Audit Committee and concerning whether at least one member of the Audit Committee is an “audit committee financial expert” as that term is defined under Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K appearing under the caption “Corporate Governance – Audit Committee” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated by reference.
The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics that applies to its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer. A copy of the Code of Ethics for Certain Senior Officers is available without charge, upon written request, from the Corporate Secretary of the Company, 600 N. Centennial Street, Zeeland, Michigan 49464 and the Company's website. The Company intends to satisfy the disclosure requirement under Item 5.05 of Form 8-K regarding an amendment to, or waiver from, a provision of this Code of Ethics by posting such information

26



on its website. Information contained in the Company’s website, whether currently posted or posted in the future, is not part of this document or the documents incorporated by reference in this document.

Item 11.
Executive Compensation.
The information contained under the caption “Compensation Committee Report,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Executive Compensation,” “Director Compensation,” and “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. The “Compensation Committee Report” shall not be deemed to be soliciting material or to be filed with the commission.
 

Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
The information contained under the captions “Common Stock Ownership of Management,” “Common Stock Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners,” and “Equity Compensation Plan Summary” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. There are no arrangements known to the registrant, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control.
 

Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.
The information contained under the caption “Certain Transactions” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. The information contained under the caption “Election of Directors” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated by reference.
 

Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fee and Services.
Information regarding principal accounting fees and services set forth under the caption “Ratification of Appointment of Independent Auditors – Principal Accounting Fees and Services” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Information concerning the policy adopted by the Audit Committee regarding the pre-approval of audit and non-audit services provided by the Company’s independent auditors set forth under the caption “Corporate Governance – Audit Committee” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated by reference.
 

27




PART IV

Item 15.
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.
 
(a)
2. Financial Statements Schedules. None required or not applicable.
 3. Exhibits. See Exhibit Index on Page 58

(b)
See (a) above.
(c)
See (a) above.



28



SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 of 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
GENTEX CORPORATION
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Steven R. Downing
 
 
Steven R. Downing, Vice President-Finance and Treasurer
 
Date:
February 26, 2014
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below on this 26th day of February, 2014, by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated.
 
By:
/s/ Fred Bauer
 
 
Fred Bauer, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer) on behalf of Gentex Corporation
 
By:
/s/ Steven R. Downing
 
 
Steven R. Downing, Vice President-Finance and Treasurer
 
 
(Principal Financial Officer) on behalf of Gentex Corporation
 
By:
/s/ Kevin C. Nash
 
 
Kevin C. Nash, Director of Accounting
 
 
(Principal Accounting Officer) on behalf of Gentex Corporation

29




Each Director of the registrant whose signature appears below hereby appoints Steve Downing, as his attorney-in-fact to sign in his name and on his behalf, and to file with the Commission any and all amendments to this report on Form 10-K to the same extent and with the same effect as if done personally.
/s/ Fred Bauer
  
Director
Fred Bauer
  
 
 
 
/s/ Gary Goode
  
Director
Gary Goode
  
 
 
 
/s/ Arlyn Lanting
  
Director
Arlyn Lanting
  
 
 
 
/s/ John Mulder
  
Director
John Mulder
  
 
 
 
/s/ Mark Newton
  
Director
Mark Newton
  
 
 
 
/s/ Richard Schaum
  
Director
Richard Schaum
  
 
 
 
/s/ Fred Sotok
  
Director
Fred Sotok
  
 
 
 
/s/ Peter Hoekstra
  
Director
Peter Hoekstra
  
 
 
 
/s/ James Wallace
  
Director
James Wallace
  
 

30




Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Gentex Corporation
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders' investment and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries at December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Gentex Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1992 framework) and our report dated February 26, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
Grand Rapids, Michigan
February 26, 2014



31





Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Gentex Corporation
We have audited Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1992 framework) (the COSO criteria). Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries’ management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Controls over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
As indicated in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Controls over Financial Reporting, management’s assessment of and conclusion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting did not include the internal controls of Homelink, which is included in the 2013 consolidated financial statements of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries and constituted 40% of total assets as of December 31, 2013 and 3% of net revenues for the year then ended. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries also did not include an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Homelink.
In our opinion, Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders’ investment, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013 of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries and our report dated February 26, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
Grand Rapids, Michigan
February 26, 2014


32




GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2013 AND 2012
 
2013
 
2012
ASSETS
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
309,591,724

 
$
389,678,664

Short-term investments

 
60,802,856

Accounts receivable
143,046,590

 
109,579,693

Inventories
120,074,164

 
159,930,266

Prepaid expenses and other
28,473,764

 
24,671,561

Total current assets
601,186,242

 
744,663,040

PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:
 
 
 
Land, buildings and improvements
223,191,567

 
198,156,137

Machinery and equipment
507,768,233

 
472,844,579

Construction-in-process
41,481,572

 
45,092,001

Total Plant and Equipment
772,441,372

 
716,092,717

Less- Accumulated depreciation
(415,420,147
)
 
(366,154,545
)
Net Plant and Equipment
357,021,225

 
349,938,172

OTHER ASSETS:
 
 
 
Goodwill
307,365,845

 

Long-term investments
107,005,522

 
141,834,034

Intangible Assets, net
366,175,000

 

Patents and other assets, net
25,334,600

 
29,256,089

 
805,880,967

 
171,090,123

TOTAL ASSETS
$
1,764,088,434

 
$
1,265,691,335

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
56,510,321

 
$
43,200,002

Accrued liabilities:
 
 
 
Salaries, wages and vacation
7,770,868

 
7,188,092

Income taxes
13,316,102

 
1,582,570

Royalties
9,374,449

 
9,889,708

Dividends declared
20,380,923

 
18,599,926

Current portion of Long Term Debt
7,500,000

 

Other
5,127,751

 
7,497,144

Total current liabilities
119,980,414

 
87,957,442

LONG TERM DEBT
265,625,000

 

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
50,879,337

 
56,773,337

 
 
 
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES
436,484,751


144,730,779

 
 
 
 
SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $.06 per share; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 145,578,023 and 143,076,357 shares issued and outstanding in 2013 and 2012 respectively.
8,734,681

 
8,584,581

Additional paid-in capital
478,865,778

 
418,766,010

Retained earnings
818,027,861

 
676,039,254

Accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on investments
19,467,441

 
15,111,778

Cumulative translation adjustment
2,507,922

 
2,458,933

Total shareholders’ investment
1,327,603,683

 
1,120,960,556

TOTAL LIABILITES AND SHAREHOLDERS' INVESTMENT
$
1,764,088,434

 
$
1,265,691,335

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

33



GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2013, 2012 AND 2011
 

2013

2012

2011
NET SALES
$
1,171,864,171

 
$
1,099,559,521

 
$
1,023,762,049

 
 
 
 
 
 
COST OF GOODS SOLD
741,131,269

 
726,740,962

 
662,181,714

 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
430,732,902

 
372,818,559

 
361,580,335

 
 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
 
 
Engineering, research and development
76,495,051

 
85,003,602

 
81,634,158

Selling, general and administrative
49,496,038

 
48,359,725

 
48,578,252

Litigation Settlement

 
5,000,000

 

Total operating expenses
125,991,089

 
138,363,327

 
130,212,410

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
304,741,813

 
234,455,232

 
231,367,925

 
 
 
 
 
 
OTHER INCOME:
 
 
 
 
 
Investment income
6,724,717

 
5,307,180

 
4,165,809

Other, net
16,597,513

 
9,863,188

 
8,898,077

Total other income
23,322,230

 
15,170,368

 
13,063,886

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before provision for income taxes
328,064,043

 
249,625,600

 
244,431,811

 
 
 
 
 
 
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES
105,134,094

 
81,038,760

 
79,763,583

 
 
 
 
 
 
NET INCOME
$
222,929,949

 
$
168,586,840

 
$
164,668,228

 
 
 
 
 
 
EARNINGS PER SHARE:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.55

 
$
1.18

 
$
1.16

Diluted
$
1.55

 
$
1.17

 
$
1.14

 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash Dividends Declared per Share
$
0.56

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.48

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

34



GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2013, 2012 AND 2011
 

2013
 
2012
 
2011
Net Income
$
222,929,949

 
$
168,586,840

 
$
164,668,228

 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before tax:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
48,989

 
328,976

 
1,563,054

Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for sales securities, net
6,701,020

 
7,230,048

 
(17,442,698
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax
6,750,009

 
7,559,024

 
(15,879,644
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for income taxes related to components of other comprehensive income
2,345,357

 
2,530,516

 
(6,104,944
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive Income (loss), net of tax
4,404,652

 
5,028,508

 
(9,774,700
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive Income
$
227,334,601

 
$
173,615,348

 
$
154,893,528


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


35



GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
Common 
Stock
Shares
 
Common 
Stock
Amount
 
Additional 
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained 
Earnings
 
Accumulated 
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total 
Shareholders’
Investment
BALANCE AS OF JANUARY 1, 2011
142,292,127

 
$
8,537,528

 
$
347,834,218

 
$
514,842,177

 
$
22,316,903

 
$
893,530,826

Issuance of common stock and the tax benefit of stock plan transactions
1,777,436

 
106,646

 
33,198,116

 

 

 
33,304,762

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, employee stock purchases and restricted stock

 

 
14,197,557

 


 

 
14,197,557

Dividends declared ($.48 per share)

 

 

 
(68,808,152
)
 

 
(68,808,152
)
Net income

 

 

 
164,668,228

 

 
164,668,228

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 
(9,774,700
)
 
(9,774,700
)
BALANCE AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2011
144,069,563

 
8,644,174

 
395,229,891

 
610,702,253

 
12,542,203

 
1,027,118,521

Issuance of common stock and the tax benefit of stock plan transactions
978,623

 
58,717

 
12,150,164

 

 

 
12,208,881

Repurchases of common stock
(1,971,829
)
 
(118,310
)
 
(5,047,882
)
 
(28,550,533
)
 
 
 
(33,716,725
)
Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, employee stock purchases and restricted stock

 

 
16,433,837

 
 
 

 
16,433,837

Dividends declared ($.52 per share)

 

 

 
(74,699,306
)
 

 
(74,699,306
)
Net income

 

 

 
168,586,840

 

 
168,586,840

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
5,028,508

 
5,028,508

BALANCE AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2012
143,076,357

 
8,584,581

 
418,766,010

 
676,039,254

 
17,570,711

 
1,120,960,556

Issuance of common stock and the tax benefit of stock plan transactions
2,501,666

 
150,100

 
42,672,535

 

 

 
42,822,635

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, employee stock purchases and restricted stock

 

 
17,427,233

 
 
 

 
17,427,233

Dividends declared ($.56 per share)

 

 

 
(80,941,342
)
 

 
(80,941,342
)
Net income

 

 

 
222,929,949

 

 
222,929,949

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
4,404,652

 
4,404,652

BALANCE AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2013
145,578,023

 
$
8,734,681

 
$
478,865,778

 
$
818,027,861

 
$
21,975,363

 
$
1,327,603,683

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

36



GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2013, 2012 AND 2011  
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
222,929,949

 
$
168,586,840

 
$
164,668,228

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
62,854,155

 
50,179,823

 
42,634,684

Gain on disposal of assets
(54,520
)
 
(419,382
)
 

Loss on disposal of assets
2,162,610

 
952,190

 
992,876

Gain on sale of investments
(19,012,429
)
 
(9,584,288
)
 
(15,787,691
)
Loss on sale of investments
882,918

 
1,216,027

 
9,134,183

Deferred income taxes
(7,726,800
)
 
843,484

 
13,942,674

Stock based compensation expense related to employee stock options, employee stock purchases and restricted stock
17,427,233

 
16,433,837

 
14,197,557

Excess tax benefits from stock based compensation
(4,445,064
)
 
(815,651
)
 
(5,362,501
)
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(22,347,450
)
 
810,022

 
(14,742,103
)
Inventories
39,856,102

 
28,823,046

 
(88,024,582
)
Prepaid expenses and other
(2,374,913
)
 
14,868,742

 
(6,954,317
)
Accounts payable
13,310,319

 
(22,270,571
)
 
25,175,109

Accrued liabilities
13,876,720

 
8,221,935

 
1,794,548

Net cash provided by operating activities
317,338,830

 
257,846,054

 
141,668,665

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
 
Activity in available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
Sales proceeds
82,862,644

 
38,831,234

 
107,763,498

Maturities and calls
98,142,408

 
75,652,000

 
104,375,000

Purchases
(60,543,153
)
 
(112,545,415
)
 
(196,365,327
)
Plant and equipment additions
(55,380,457
)
 
(117,474,449
)
 
(120,177,730
)
Proceeds from sale of plant and equipment
386,399

 
1,064,614

 
179,212

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
(698,150,900
)
 

 

Decrease (increase) in other assets
(573,560
)
 
(17,602,228
)
 
698,357

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
(633,256,619
)
 
(132,074,244
)
 
(103,526,990
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from borrowings on Credit Agreement
275,000,000

 

 

Repayment of long-term debt
(1,875,000
)
 

 

Deferred financing costs
(956,441
)
 

 

Issuance of common stock from stock plan transactions
38,377,571

 
12,208,881

 
33,304,764

Cash dividends paid
(79,160,345
)
 
(73,387,727
)
 
(67,171,939
)
Repurchases of common stock

 
(33,716,725
)
 

Excess tax benefits from stock based compensation
4,445,064

 
815,651

 
5,362,501

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
235,830,849

 
(94,079,920
)
 
(28,504,674
)
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(80,086,940
)
 
31,691,890

 
9,637,001

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, Beginning of year
389,678,664

 
357,986,774

 
348,349,773

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, End of year
$
309,591,724

 
$
389,678,664

 
$
357,986,774

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

37

GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



(1)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES
The Company
Gentex Corporation designs and manufactures automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and electronics for the automotive industry, dimmable aircraft windows for the aviation industry, and commercial smoke alarms and signaling devices for the fire protection industry. The Company’s largest business segment involves designing, developing, manufacturing and marketing interior and exterior auto-dimming automotive rearview mirrors that utilize proprietary electrochromic technology to dim in proportion to the amount of headlight glare from trailing vehicle headlamps. The Company ships its product to all of the major automotive producing regions worldwide, which it supports with numerous sales, engineering and distribution locations worldwide.
A substantial portion of the Company’s net sales and accounts receivable result from transactions with domestic and foreign automotive manufacturers and Tier 1 suppliers. The Company’s fire protection products are primarily sold to domestic distributors and original equipment manufacturers of fire and security systems. Aircraft windows are sold for use by aircraft manufacturers. The Company does not require collateral or other security for trade accounts receivable.
Significant accounting policies of the Company not described elsewhere are as follows:
Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Gentex Corporation and all of its wholly-owned subsidiaries (together the “Company”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents consist of funds invested in bank accounts and money market funds that have daily liquidity.
Allowance For Doubtful Accounts
The Company bases its allowances for doubtful accounts related to receivables on historical credit and collections experience, and the specific identification of other potential problems, including the economic climate. Actual collections can differ, requiring adjustments to the allowances. Individual accounts receivable balances are evaluated on a monthly basis, and those balances considered uncollectible are charged to the allowance. Collections of amounts previously written off are recorded as an increase to the allowance.
The following table presents the activity in the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts:
 
Beginning
Balance
 
Net
Additions/
(Reductions)
to Costs and
Expenses
 
Deductions
and Other
Adjustments
 
Ending
Balance
Year Ended December 31, 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
$
3,400,000

 
$

 
$
197,612

 
$
3,202,388

Year Ended December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
$
3,400,000

 
$
(577
)
 
577*

 
$
3,400,000

Year Ended December 31, 2011:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
$
4,300,000

 
$
(802,929
)
 
$
(97,071
)*
 
$
3,400,000

 
*Represents excess recoveries and other adjustments over accounts written off.
The Company’s overall allowance for doubtful accounts primarily relates to financially distressed Tier 1 automotive customers. The Company continues to work with these financially distressed customers in collecting past due balances.




38

GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Continued)

(1)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES, continued

Investments
The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” for its financial assets and liabilities, and for its non-financial assets and liabilities subject to fair value measurements. ASC 820 provides a framework for measuring the fair value of assets and liabilities. This framework is intended to provide increased consistency in how fair value determinations are made under various existing accounting standards that permit, or in some cases, require estimates of fair-market value. This standard also expanded financial statement disclosure requirements about a company’s use of fair-value measurements, including the effect of such measure on earnings. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.
The Company’s investment securities (common stocks and mutual funds) are classified as available for sale and are stated at fair value based on quoted market prices, and as such are classified as Level 1 assets. The Company determines the fair value of its U.S. Treasury Notes, Government Securities and Corporate Bonds by utilizing monthly valuation statements that are provided by its broker, and the Company utilizes third party pricing sources to validate such statements. The broker determines the investment valuation by utilizing the bid price in the market. As such, these investments are classified as Level 2 assets.
Assets or liabilities that have recurring fair value measurements are shown below as of December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
Total as of
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
Description
December 31, 2013
 
(Level I)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Cash & Cash Equivalents
$
309,591,724

 
$
309,591,724

 
$

 
$

Long-Term Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stocks
33,282,439

 
33,282,439

 

 

Mutual Funds – Equity
73,723,083

 
73,723,083

 

 

Total
$
416,597,246

 
$
416,597,246

 
$

 
$


 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
Total as of
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
Description
December 31, 2012
 
(Level I)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Cash & Cash Equivalents
$
389,678,664

 
$
389,678,664

 
$

 
$

Short-Term Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificate of Deposit
510,881

 

 
510,881

 

Government Securities
38,522,471

 

 
38,522,471

 

U.S. Treasury Notes
15,020,350

 

 
15,020,350

 

Corporate Bonds
6,563,228

 

 
6,563,228

 

      Other
185,926

 
185,926

 

 

Long-Term Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate Bonds
2,180,780

 

 
2,180,780

 

Common Stocks
53,283,201

 
53,283,201

 

 

Mutual Funds – Equity
86,109,053

 
86,109,053

 

 

Other – Equity
261,000

 
261,000

 

 

Total
$
592,315,554

 
$
529,517,844

 
$
62,797,710

 
$



39

GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Continued)

(1)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES, continued

The amortized cost, unrealized gains and losses, and market value of investment securities are shown as of December 31, 2013 and 2012:
 
 
Unrealized
2013
Cost
 
Gains
 
Losses
 
Market Value
Long-Term Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stocks
22,799,035

 
10,532,007

 
(48,603
)
 
33,282,439

Mutual Funds-Equity
54,256,577

 
19,466,506

 

 
73,723,083

Total
$
77,055,612

 
$
29,998,513


$
(48,603
)

$
107,005,522


 
Unrealized
2012
Cost
 
Gains
 
Losses
 
Market Value
Short-Term Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificate of Deposit
$
510,881

 
$

 
$

 
$
510,881

Government Securities
$
38,514,411

 
$
9,004

 
$
(944
)
 
$
38,522,471

U.S. Treasury Notes
15,018,810

 
2,602

 
(1,062
)
 
15,020,350

Corporate Bonds
6,529,758

 
33,470

 

 
6,563,228

Other
185,926

 

 

 
185,926

Long-Term Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate Bonds
2,174,948

 
5,832

 

 
2,180,780

Common Stocks
40,893,121

 
12,781,501

 
(391,421
)
 
53,283,201

Mutual Funds-Equity
75,321,640

 
11,082,714

 
(295,301
)
 
86,109,053

Other-Equity
238,506

 
22,494

 

 
261,000

Total
$
179,388,001

 
$
23,937,617

 
(688,728
)
 
$
202,636,890

Unrealized losses on investments as of December 31, 2013 are as follows:
 
Aggregate Unrealized Losses
 
Aggregate Fair Value
Less than one year
$
48,603

 
$
1,886,080

Unrealized losses on investments as of December 31, 2012 are as follows:
 
 
Aggregate Unrealized Losses
 
Aggregate Fair Value
Less than one year
$
688,728

 
$
22,887,686

ASC 320, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities,” as amended and interpreted, provides guidance on determining when an investment is other-than-temporarily impaired. The Company reviews its fixed income and equity investment portfolio for any unrealized losses that would be deemed other-than-temporary and require the recognition of an impairment loss in income. If the cost of an investment exceeds its fair value, the Company evaluates, among other factors, general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than cost, and the Company’s intent and ability to hold the investments. Management also considers the type of security, related-industry and sector performance, as well as published investments ratings and analyst reports, to evaluate its portfolio. Once a decline in fair value is determined to be other-than-temporary, an impairment charge is recorded and new cost basis in the investment is established. If market, industry, and/or investee conditions deteriorate, the Company may incur future impairments. No investments were considered to be other-than-temporary impaired in 2013 and 2012.



40

GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Continued)

(1)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES, continued

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, investments, accounts receivable accounts payable, short and long term debt. The Company’s estimate of the fair values of these financial instruments approximates their carrying amounts at December 31, 2013 and 2012.
Inventories
Inventories include material, direct labor and manufacturing overhead and are valued at the lower of first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost or market. Inventories consisted of the following as of December 31, 2013 and 2012.
 
 
2013
 
2012
Raw materials
$
75,081,810

 
$
114,750,525

Work-in-process
21,409,976

 
24,588,734

Finished goods
23,582,378

 
20,591,007

Total Inventory
$
120,074,164

 
$
159,930,266

Allowances for slow-moving and obsolete inventories were $6.9 million and $7.8 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012. The year-over-year decrease in the allowance was primarily the result of reductions in raw materials inventory.
Plant and Equipment
Plant and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization are computed for financial reporting purposes using the straight-line method, with estimated useful lives of 7 to 40 years for buildings and improvements, and 3 to 10 years for machinery and equipment. Depreciation expense was approximately $55.0 million, $48.5 million and $41.6 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Impairment of Disposal of Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment and other intangible assets with definite lives, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset’s carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company conducts its long-lived asset impairment analysis in accordance with ASC 360-10-15, “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.” ASC 360-10-15 requires the Company to group assets and liabilities at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities and evaluate the asset group against the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows. If the undiscounted cash flows do not indicate the carrying amount of the asset is recoverable, an impairment charge is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset group exceeds its fair value based on discounted cash flow analysis or appraisals. 
Patents
The Company’s policy is to capitalize costs incurred to obtain patents. The cost of patents is amortized over their useful lives. The cost of patents in process is not amortized until issuance. The Company periodically obtains intellectual property rights, in the ordinary course of business, and the cost of the rights are amortized over their useful lives.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill represents the excess of fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date. In accordance with accounting guidance related to goodwill and other intangible assets, the Company will test for impairment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets annually in the fourth quarter and in certain situations between those annual dates, if interim indicators of impairment arise. Indefinite-lived intangible assets will be tested for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, by comparing the estimated fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset to the carrying value using a discounted cash flow approach. Intangible assets with a definite life are amortized over their useful life, which is the period over

41

GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Continued)

(1)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES, continued

which the asset is expected to contribute directly or indirectly to future cash flows. Management will periodically assess the amortization period of intangible assets with definite lives based upon estimated future cash flows from related operations and tests for impairment when indicators arise.

Given the timing of the acquisition, no impairment indicators arose during the year ended ended December 31, 2013 which would give reason for an interim test to be performed on goodwill or intangible assets. 

Revenue Recognition
The Company’s revenue is generated from sales of its products. Sales are recognized when the product is shipped and legal title has passed to the customer. The Company does not generate sales from arrangements with multiple deliverables.
Advertising and Promotional Materials
All advertising and promotional costs are expensed as incurred and amounted to approximately $0.4 million, $1.0 million and $1.2 million, in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Repairs and Maintenance
Major renewals and improvements of property and equipment are capitalized, and repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. The Company incurred expenses relating to the repair and maintenance of plant and equipment of approximately $14.9 million, $13.8 million and $11.5 million, in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Self-Insurance
The Company is self-insured for a portion of its risk on workers’ compensation and employee medical costs. The arrangements provide for stop loss insurance to manage the Company’s risk. Operations are charged with the cost of claims reported and an estimate of claims incurred but not reported based upon historical claims lag information and other data.
Product Warranty
The Company periodically incurs product warranty costs. Any liabilities associated with product warranty are estimated based on known facts and circumstances and are not significant at December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011. The Company does not offer extended warranties on its products.
Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes is based on the earnings reported in the consolidated financial statements. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are computed for differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future. Such deferred income tax asset and liability computations are based on enacted tax laws and rates.
Earnings Per Share
The following table reconciles the numerators and denominators used in the calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) for each of the last three years:

42

GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Continued)

(1)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES, continued