SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
|☒||ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 or
|☐||TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
For the transition period from __________ to _________
Commission File No.: 000-10235
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|State or other jurisdiction of|
incorporation or organization
| ||(I.R.S. Employer|
|600 N. Centennial Street,|| ||49464|
|(Address of principal executive offices)|| ||(Zip Code)|
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 616-772-1800
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each Class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, par value $.06 per share||GNTX||NASDAQ Global Select Market|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes: ☑ No: ☐
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes: ☐ No: ☑
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes: ☑ No: ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes: ☑ No: ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large accelerated filer||☑||Accelerated filer||☐|
|Non-accelerated filer||☐|| ||Smaller reporting company||☐ |
|Emerging growth company||☐ |
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☑
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). Yes: ☐ No: ☑
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes: ☐ No: ☑
As of June 30, 2022 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), 235,132,265 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.06 per share, were outstanding. The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (i.e., excluding shares held by executive officers, directors, and control persons as defined in Rule 405 (17 CFR 203.405) on that date was $6,587,687,393 computed at the closing price on that date.
As of February 1, 2023, 234,177,812 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.06 per share, were outstanding,
Portions of the Company’s Proxy Statement for its 2023 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.
GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
For the Year Ended December 31, 2022
Item 1. Business.
(a)General Development of Business
Gentex Corporation (the "Company") was incorporated as a Michigan corporation in 1974. The Company designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and supplies digital vision, connected car, dimmable glass, and fire protection products, including: automatic-dimming rearview and non-dimming mirrors and electronics for the automotive industry; dimmable aircraft windows for the aviation industry; and commercial smoke alarms and signaling devices for the fire protection industry. The Company’s largest business segment involves designing, developing, manufacturing and marketing interior and exterior automatic-dimming automotive rearview mirrors that utilize proprietary electrochromic technology to dim in proportion to the amount of headlight glare from trailing vehicle headlamps. Within this business segment, the Company also designs, develops and manufactures various electronics that are value added features to the interior and exterior automotive rearview mirrors as well as electronics for interior visors, overhead consoles, and other locations in the vehicle. The Company ships its products to all of the major automotive producing regions worldwide, which it supports with numerous sales, engineering and distribution locations worldwide.
At its inception, the Company manufactured smoke detectors, a product line that has since evolved to include a variety of fire protection products. In the early 1980's, the Company introduced an interior electromechanical automatic-dimming rearview mirror as an alternative to the manual day/night rearview mirrors for automotive applications. In the late 1980's, the Company introduced an interior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirror for automotive applications. In the early 1990's, the Company introduced an exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirror for automotive applications. In the late 1990's, the Company began making volume shipments of three new exterior mirror sub-assembly products: thin glass flat; convex; and aspheric. In 2005, the Company began making volume shipments of its bezel-free exterior automatic dimming mirror. In 2010 the Company began delivering electrochromic dimmable aircraft windows for the aviation industry. In 2013, the Company acquired HomeLink®, a wireless vehicle/home communications product that enables drivers to remotely activate garage door openers, entry door locks, home lighting, security systems, entry gates and other radio frequency convenience products for automotive applications, wherein the Company had previously been a licensee of HomeLink® and had been, since 2003, integrating HomeLink® into its interior automatic-dimming rearview mirrors.
In 2015, the Company began making shipments of the Full Display Mirror® ("FDM®"), which is an on-demand, mirror-borne LCD display that streams live, panoramic video of the vehicle's rearward view in order to improve driver rear vision. Also in 2015, the Company introduced the integration of toll module technology into the vehicle in a first-to-market application referred to as Integrated Toll Module® or "ITM®". The interior mirror is an optimal location for a vehicle-integrated toll transponder and it eliminates the need to affix multiple toll tags to the windshield.
In 2017, the Company announced an agreement entered into during the ordinary course of business with VOXX International Corporation to become the exclusive aftermarket distributor of the Gentex Aftermarket Full Display Mirror® in North America. The Company has also displayed a new three-camera rear vision system that streams rear video – in multiple composite views – to a rearview-mirror-integrated display. Further, the Company has announced an embedded biometric solution for vehicles that leverages iris scanning technology to create a secure environment in the vehicle. There are many use cases for authentication, which range from vehicle security to start functionality to personalization of mirrors, music, seat location and temperature, to the ability to control transactions not only for the ITM® system, but also the ride sharing car of the future. The Company believes iris recognition is among the most secure forms of biometric identification, with a false acceptance rate as low as one in 10 million, far superior to facial, voice, and other biometric systems. The Company's future plans include integrating biometric authentication with many of its other electronic features, including HomeLink® and HomeLink Connect® or the ITM®. The biometric system allows for added security and convenience for multiple drivers by adding an additional factor of authentication for increased security, when a driver (or passenger) enters a vehicle. The Company announced in January 2018 that it entered into an exclusive licensing agreement, in the ordinary course of business, with Fingerprint Cards AB to deploy its ActiveIRIS® iris-scanning biometric technology in automotive applications.
In January 2019, the Company announced that it would be offering, as optional content, its latest generation of variable dimmable windows on the Boeing 777X aircraft. During the third quarter of 2019, the first production shipments of variably dimmable windows were made to Boeing for the 777X program. In January 2020, the
Company announced that Airbus will also be offering the Company's dimmable aircraft windows on its aircraft, with production having begun in 2021.
In January 2020, the Company unveiled an innovative lighting technology for medical applications that was co-developed with Mayo Clinic. This new lighting concept represents the collaboration of a global, high-technology electronics company with a world leader in health care. The Company's new intelligent lighting system combines ambient room lighting with camera-controlled, adaptive task lighting to optimize illumination for surgical and patient-care environments. The system was developed over an 18-month period of collaboration between Company engineers and Mayo Clinic surgeons, scientists, and operating room staff. The teams researched, designed, and rapidly iterated multiple prototypes in order to develop unique features that address major gaps in current surgical lighting solutions. In 2023, the Company will continue to work on the intelligent medical lighting system in order to assess system performance and work toward obtaining any necessary approvals.
In April 2020, the Company, in the ordinary course of business, acquired Vaporsens, Inc. ("Vaporsens"), which specializes in nanofiber chemical sensing research and development. This new nanofiber technology can detect a wide variety of chemicals, including explosives, drugs, volatile organic compounds ("VOCs"), toxic industrial chemicals, amines, and more. The core of Vaporsens’ chemical sensor technology is a net of nanofibers approximately one thousand times smaller in size than human hair. Their porous structure allows them to absorb targeted molecules from sampled gas and identify them via changes in their electrical resistance. The technology allows for the rapid detection of target chemicals with high sensitivity in the parts per billion and parts per trillion ranges. The Vaporsens technology has a wide variety of use cases in various markets and industries, with potential applications for automotive, aerospace, agriculture, chemical manufacturing, military and first responders, worker safety, food and beverage processing, and medical.
In November 2020, the Company announced a partnership, in the ordinary course of business, with PayByCar™, to pursue compatibility between the Company's ITM® and PayByCar's innovative payment solution that allows drivers to use their smart phones and toll transponder to fuel up at certain gas stations without using cash or a credit card. Compatibility between these two technologies can help to grow each company's respective consumer base while introducing new users to the benefits of the transactional vehicle.
In January 2021, the Company announced a partnership, in the ordinary course of business, with Simplenight to provide drivers and vehicle occupants with access to enhanced mobile capability for booking personalized entertainment and lifestyle experiences in addition to everyday purchases. Simplenight delivers a customizable and robust platform that enables brands to globally offer real-time book-ability across multiple categories such as dining, accommodations, attractions, events, gas, parking, shopping and more. The platform is unique in that it is designed to seamlessly integrate into automaker infotainment and navigation systems, as well as mobile applications and voice assistants. Simplenight can be integrated into the Company's current and future connected vehicle technologies, including HomeLink®, the automotive industry’s leading car-to-home automation system. HomeLink® consists of vehicle-integrated buttons that can be programmed to operate a myriad of home automation devices. Integration of Simplenight into the Company's HomeLink Connect® app is underway. The HomeLink Connect® allows users to program their HomeLink® buttons and control cloud-based devices from their vehicles.
In September 2021, the Company announced the acquisition of Guardian Optical Technologies ("Guardian"), an Israeli startup that pioneered a unique, multi-modal sensor technology designed to provide a comprehensive suite of driver- and cabin-monitoring solutions for the automotive industry. The core of Guardian’s technology is an infrared-sensitive, high-resolution camera that combines machine vision, depth perception, and micro-vibration detection. This proprietary sensor configuration allows the system to not only monitor the driver, but also the entire vehicle cabin, including objects and other occupants, even assessing the occupant's behaviors, gestures, and activities. The system continuously scans, tracks and determines the physical location of every vehicle occupant and object, even without a direct line of sight, by combining two-dimensional video image recognition with 3D depth mapping and optical motion analysis. It is able to detect even slight movements, including heartbeats.
In January 2022, the Company announced a partnership, in the ordinary course of business, with eSight, a leading provider of vision enhancement technology, to develop and manufacture the next generation of mobile electronic eyewear designed to help people living with visual impairments. The Company plans to utilize its expertise in digital vision, software development and industrial design to help eSight develop the next generation of eyewear, with a focus on reducing device size, enhancing its form factor, and optimizing overall system performance.
In 2022, the Company obtained an approximate 20% equity share in GreenMarbles in the ordinary course of business. GreenMarbles is a leading provider of sustainable solutions for integration into properties. The Company plans to utilize this relationship to promote the HomeLink Connect® App with property developers and contractors.
Automotive revenues represent approximately 97% of the Company's total revenue in 2022, mostly consisting of interior and exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and automotive electronics.
(c)Description of Business
The Company designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and supplies digital vision, connected car, dimmable glass, and fire protection products, including: automatic-dimming and non-automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and electronics for the automotive industry; dimmable aircraft windows for the aviation industry; and commercial smoke alarms and signaling devices for the fire protection industry.
Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics. Automotive applications are the largest business segment for the Company, mostly consisting of interior and exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and automotive electronics. The Company manufactures interior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors that darken to reduce glare and improve visibility for the driver. These electronic interior mirrors can also include additional electronic features such as compass, microphones, HomeLink®, interior driver and cabin monitoring systems, lighting assist and driver assist forward safety camera systems, various lighting systems, various telematics systems, ITM® systems, and a wide variety of displays, including the Full Display Mirror® product. The Company also ships interior non-automatic-dimming rearview mirrors with and without features.
The Company’s interior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors also power the application of the Company’s exterior electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors that darken to reduce glare and improve visibility for the driver. These electronic exterior mirrors typically range in size and shape per automaker specification, but can also include additional features such as turn signal indicators, side blind zone indicators, and courtesy lighting. The Company also ships exterior non-automatic-dimming rearview mirrors with similar electronic features available in its automatic-dimming applications.
The Company manufactures other automotive electronics products through HomeLink® applications in the vehicle including the rearview mirror, interior visor, overhead console, or center console. Certain of the Company's newer features can be located either in the rearview mirror or other locations in the vehicle. Additionally, as the Company expands its Full Display Mirror® product and the ITM® system, rearward facing video cameras and integrated toll transponders are being produced and sold.
The Company produces rearview mirrors and electronics globally for automotive passenger cars, light trucks, pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles, and vans for OEMs, automotive suppliers, and various aftermarket and accessory customers. Automotive rearview mirrors and electronics accounted for 97% of the Company’s consolidated net sales in 2022.
The Company is the leading manufacturer of electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors in the world, and is the largest supplier to the automotive industry. Competitors for automotive rearview mirrors include Magna International, Tokai Rika Company, SMR Automotive, Aolian, Intertech, Kingband, BYD Auto Company, Sincode, Yanfeng Visteon, Xiamen Intertech, Guangdong Yuanfeng, Chongqing Yimei, Murakami, Ultronix, Aizhuo, Alpine Electronics, Inc., Licon, MirrorTech, Ambilight, and others in the Chinese automotive aftermarket. The Company also supplies electrochromic automatic-dimming rearview mirrors to certain of these rearview mirror competitors.
Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics Product Development. The Company continually seeks to develop new products and is currently working to introduce additional advanced-feature automatic-dimming mirrors. Advanced-feature automatic-dimming mirrors currently being offered by the Company include one or more of the following features: SmartBeam®, HomeLink®, HomeLink Connect®, frameless mirror designs, LED map lamps, compass displays, telematics, ITM® systems, hands free communication, Rear Camera Display ("RCD") interior mirrors, FDM® interior mirrors, digital video recording solutions, exterior turn signals, side blind zone indicators and
various other exterior mirror features that improve safety and field of view. Advanced features currently in development include: biometric authentication systems, hybrid and fully digital camera monitoring systems ("CMS"), driver and cabin monitoring systems, cabin sensing systems, touch screen displays for mirrors, and digital enhancements to displays to improve driver safety, among other things. Other automotive products currently in development include large area dimmable devices, which include sunroof and moon roof applications, driver and passenger windows, interior sun-visors and other window surfaces in vehicles, among others. The Company is also in development of small-scale dimmable devices that darken to improve contrast and legibility for transparent displays, concealment of sensors, and to dynamically adjust camera exposure.
Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics Markets and Marketing. In North America, Europe and Asia, the Company markets its products primarily through a direct sales force utilizing its sales and engineering offices located in Germany, UK, Sweden, France, Japan, South Korea and China, as well as its headquarters in Michigan. The Company generally supplies automatic-dimming mirrors and mirrors with advanced electronic features to its customers worldwide under annual blanket purchase orders with customers, as well as under long-term agreements with certain customers, entered into in the ordinary course of the Company's business.
The Company is currently supplying mirrors and electronic modules for Aston Martin, BMW Group, Daimler Group, Faraday Future, Ferrari, Ford Motor Co., Geely/Volvo, General Motors, Harley Davidson, Honda Motor Co., Hyundai/Kia, Lucid Motors, Mazda, Mahindra & Mahindra, McLaren, Polaris, Renault/Nissan/Mitsubishi Group, Rivian Automotive, Stellantis, Subaru, Suzuki, Tata Motors, Tesla, TOGG Inc., Toyota Motor Company, Volkswagen Group, VOXX International, as well as shipments to domestic China manufacturers (BYD, Chery, Dongfeng, FAW, Great Wall Motors, Human Horizon, King Long, Lixiang Auto, NIO, SAIC, and Xpeng EV).
Revenues by major geographic area are disclosed in Note 7 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Traditionally, new products and technologies have been restricted to high-end vehicles and premium trim/option packages. As consumer demand has continued to pursue the adoption of advanced technology, more OEMs have shifted to offer a variety of trim packages and option packages for each of their vehicles, creating a range of available pricing and technologies across their lineups. In some instances, Company products such as the FDM® appeal to consumers who are interested in new technology, while also resolving rearward vision limitations created by vehicle design changes that increase aerodynamics. The Company has contributed to this differentiation strategy, allowing OEMs to maximize profitability and optionality by providing profitable, mirror-based and in-vehicle technologies that consumers demand. As more consumers have become familiar with interior and exterior dimming mirrors, HomeLink®, FDM®, ITM®, and other Company technologies, consumers have continued to select these technologies in their subsequent vehicles, driving further market and nameplate penetration as OEMs launch new vehicles and expand into new markets. Where OEMs had historically used Company technologies only to differentiate from one another, they have now begun to also use Company technologies to differentiate trim lines across their own nameplates. In new markets, emerging OEMs have recognized the need to include Company products in their vehicles to compete with global OEMs.
Automotive Rearview Mirrors and Electronics Competition. The Company continues to be the leading producer of automatic-dimming rearview mirrors in the world and currently is the largest supplier to the automotive industry with an approximate 89% market share worldwide in 2022. While the Company believes it will retain a significant position in automatic-dimming rearview mirrors for some time, another U.S. manufacturer, Magna Mirrors, a division of Magna International ("Magna"), continues to compete for sales to domestic and foreign vehicle manufacturers and is supplying a number of domestic and foreign vehicle models with its versions of auto-dimming mirrors and appears to have considerably more resources available to it. As such, Magna may present a formidable competitive threat. The Company also continues to sell automatic-dimming exterior mirror sub-assemblies to Magna Mirrors. In addition, a Japanese manufacturer (Tokai Rika) is currently supplying a few vehicle models in Japan with solid-state electrochromic mirrors. There are also a small number of Chinese domestic mirror suppliers that are marketing and selling automatic-dimming rearview mirrors, in low volume, within the domestic China automotive market. Moreover, other companies have demonstrated products that are competitive to the Company's Full Display Mirror® system, and a small number of Chinese domestic mirror suppliers have begun marketing and selling these products, in low volume, within the domestic China market. Further, two Japan manufacturers (Murakami and Panasonic) have begun selling and marketing competitive Full Display Mirror® type products in Japan. The Company acknowledges that dimming device (e.g., electrochromic) technology is the subject of research and development efforts by numerous third parties.
In November 2020, the Company announced a partnership, in the ordinary course of business, with PayByCar™, to pursue compatibility between the Company's ITM® and PayByCar's innovative payment solution that allows drivers
to use their smartphones and toll transponder to fuel up at certain gas stations without using cash or a credit card and to pay at parking garages. Compatibility between these two technologies can help to grow each company's respective consumer base while introducing new users to the benefits of the transactional vehicle.
In January 2021, the Company announced a partnership, in the ordinary course of business, with Simplenight to provide drivers and vehicle occupants with access to enhanced mobile capability for booking personalized entertainment and lifestyle experiences in addition to everyday purchases. Simplenight delivers a customizable and robust platform that enables brands to globally offer real-time book-ability across multiple categories such as dining, accommodations, attractions, events, gas, parking, shopping and more. The platform is unique in that it is designed to seamlessly integrate into automaker infotainment and navigation systems, as well as mobile applications and voice assistants. The Company plans to integrate Simplenight into its current and future connected vehicle technologies, including HomeLink®, the automotive industry’s leading car-to-home automation system. HomeLink® consists of vehicle-integrated buttons that can be programmed to operate a myriad of home automation devices. Integration of Simplenight into the Company's HomeLink Connect® app is underway. The HomeLink Connect app allows users to program their HomeLink® buttons and control cloud-based devices from their vehicles.
In 2022, the Company obtained an approximate 20% equity share in GreenMarbles in the ordinary course of business. GreenMarbles is a leading provider of sustainable solutions for integration into properties. The Company plans to utilize this relationship to promote the HomeLink Connect® App with property developers and contractors.
The Company believes its electrochromic automatic-dimming mirrors and mirrors with advanced electronic features offer significant performance advantages over competing products and the Company makes significant research and development investments to continue to increase and improve the performance advantages of its products and to potentially add new products.
There are numerous other companies in the world conducting research on various technologies, including electrochromics, for controlling light transmission and reflection. The Company currently believes that the electrochromic materials and manufacturing process it uses for automotive mirrors remains the most efficient and cost-effective way to produce these products. The Company has also continued to invest in new technologies to improve manufacturing processes. In 2020, the Company, in the ordinary course of business, completed the acquisition of Argil, Inc., which specializes in electrochromic technology and research and development, which the Company anticipates using to complement and expand its product offerings and leverage for manufacturing efficiencies. While automatic-dimming mirrors using other technologies may eliminate glare, the Company currently believes that each of these other technologies have inherent cost or performance limitations as compared to the Company's technologies.
As the Company continues to expand its automatic-dimming mirror products with additional advanced electronic features and expands the capabilities of its CMOS imager technology for additional features (i.e. SmartBeam®, FDM®, rear video camera, digital video recorder, etc.), as well as continuing to expand the capabilities of the Company's hybrid and fully digital CMS technology, driver and cabin monitoring systems, the Company recognizes that it is competing with considerably larger and more geographically diverse electronics companies that present a formidable competitive threat in the future as new products/features and technologies are brought to market.
Dimmable Aircraft Windows
The Company continues to manufacture and sell variable dimmable windows for the passenger compartment on the Boeing 787 Dreamliner series of aircraft. In 2019, the Company announced that it would be offering, as optional content, its latest generation of variable dimmable windows on the Boeing 777X aircraft. Later in 2019, the first production shipments of variably dimmable windows were made to Boeing for the 777X program. As previously announced, Airbus is now offering, as optional content, the Company's dimmable aircraft windows on its aircraft, with production having begun in 2021.
Markets and Marketing. The Company markets its variable dimmable windows to aircraft manufacturers and airline operators globally.
Competition. The Company’s variable dimmable aircraft windows are the first commercialized product of its kind for original equipment installation in the aircraft industry. Other manufacturers are working to develop and sell competing products utilizing other technology in the aircraft industry for aftermarket or original equipment installation.
The Company’s success with electrochromic technology provides potential opportunities and use cases for other commercial applications, which the Company continues to explore. including, but not limited to passenger smart-
lighting that automatically optimizes illumination for various in-flight activities like reading, dining, or computer work; biometric systems for personalizing the in-flight experience; and in-cabin particulate and chemical sensors for monitoring cabin air quality.
Fire Protection Products
The Company manufactures photoelectric smoke detectors and alarms, visual signaling alarms, photoelectric smoke alarms and electrochemical carbon monoxide alarms, electrochemical carbon monoxide alarms and detectors, audible and visual signaling appliances, and bells and speakers for use in fire detection systems in office buildings, hotels, and other commercial and residential establishments.
Markets and Marketing. The Company’s fire protection products are sold directly to fire protection and security product distributors under the Company’s brand name, to electrical wholesale houses, and to original equipment manufacturers of fire protection systems under both the Company’s brand name and private labels. The Company markets its fire protection products primarily in North America, but also globally through regional sales managers and manufacturer representative organizations.
Competition. The fire protection products industry is highly competitive in terms of both the smoke detectors and signaling appliance markets. The Company estimates that it competes primarily with eight manufacturers of smoke detection products for commercial use and approximately four manufacturers within the residential market, three of which produce photoelectric smoke detectors. In the signaling appliance markets, the Company estimates it competes with approximately seven manufacturers. While the Company faces significant competition in the sale of smoke detectors and signaling appliances, it believes that the introduction of new products, improvements to its existing products, its diversified product line, and the availability of special features will permit the Company to maintain its competitive position.
Nanofiber Products and Development
The Company completed the acquisition of Vaporsens in 2020. Vaporsens specializes in nanofiber chemical sensing research and development.
Markets and Marketing. While no current commercialized product yet exists, this technology has the potential ability to sense explosives, toxic industrial chemicals, chemical warfare agents, drugs, consumer goods, and VOC's. This technology has a wide variety of use cases in various markets and industries, with potential applications for automotive, aerospace, agriculture, chemical manufacturing, military and first responders, worker safety, food and beverage processing, and medical applications.
Trademarks and Patents
The Company owns 40 U.S. Registered Trademarks and 786 U.S. Patents, of which 31 Registered Trademarks and 711 patents relate to electrochromic technology, automotive rearview mirrors, microphones, displays, cameras, sensor technology, smart lighting technology, and/or HomeLink® products. These patents expire at various times between 2023 and 2043. The Company believes that these patents provide the Company a competitive advantage in its markets, although no single patent is necessarily required for the success of the Company's products.
The Company also owns 360 foreign Registered Trademarks and 1,194 foreign patents, of which 344 Registered Trademarks and 1,128 patents relate to electrochromic technology, automotive rearview mirrors, microphones, displays, cameras, sensor technology, and/or HomeLink® products. These patents expire at various times between 2023 and 2047. The Company believes that the competitive advantage derived in the relevant foreign markets for these patents is comparable to that applicable in the U.S. market.
The Company owns 50 U.S. Patents and 54 foreign patents that relate specifically to the Company’s variable dimmable windows. The U.S. Patents expire at various times between 2026 and 2041, while the foreign patents expire at various times between 2026 and 2038.
The Company owns 9 U.S. Registered Trademarks, 19 U.S. Patents, 16 foreign Registered Trademarks, and 12 foreign patents that relate to the Company’s fire protection products. The U.S. Patents expire at various times between 2023 and 2038, while the foreign patents expire at various times between 2023 and 2039. The Company believes that the competitive advantage provided by these patents is relatively small.
The Company also has in process 176 U.S. Patent applications, 296 foreign patent applications, and 15 Registered Trademark applications. The Company continuously seeks to improve its core technologies and apply those
technologies to new and existing products. As those efforts produce patentable inventions, the Company expects to file appropriate patent applications.
In addition, the Company periodically obtains intellectual property rights, in the ordinary course of the Company's business, to strengthen its intellectual property portfolio and minimize potential risks of infringement.
Human Capital Resources
As of February 1, 2023, the Company had 5,466 full-time employees. None of the Company’s employees are represented by a labor union or other collective bargaining representative. The Company believes that its relations with its employees are in good standing. See "Executive Officers of the Registrant" in Part III, Item 10.
The Company fosters a collaborative culture founded on devotion to quality and innovation. An inclusive environment is nurtured so that team members can perform, support each other, and continue to grow and learn, including on-the-job training.
This culture is supported by a competitive compensation system that goes beyond base salary and includes for virtually all employees: quarterly profit-sharing bonuses; an extensive stock-based compensation program that extends to all eligible employees; an employee stock purchase plan; 401(k) plan (or other retirement plan for non-US employees) with Company matching; and tuition reimbursement. In keeping with the Company's core principle of ownership mentality, compensation is structured throughout the organization so that employees win when all of stakeholders win. The Company also provides a healthy and safe climate-controlled work environment that includes an on-site wellness center and on-site health clinic at its headquarters. A number of health-related programs are available to employees, including: asthma/COPD management services; diabetes management; "Smart Health," which gives employees and spouses a way to earn wellness credits; Gentex Cares+ Employee Assistance Program; and crop share, which offers employees fresh fruits and vegetables weekly. The Company has also announced the creation of the Gentex Discovery Preschool, an on-site daycare and preschool designed to provide employees with convenient, cost-effective access to quality day care.
The Company is extremely proud of its workplace injury prevention programs, which have achieved workplace injury rates well below industry averages.
Evidence of the Company's commitment to inclusion is its cultivation of a world-class diversity, equity & inclusion ("DE&I") ethos that allows team members to make a lasting impact in the communities in which the Company operates, all while attracting and retaining diverse talent that can help propel the business forward. While the Company has an environment of equal employment opportunity related to recruitment, hiring, promotion, discipline, and other terms of employment, the commitment to have a skilled and diverse world class workforce goes beyond that.
The Company's DE&I initiatives are supported by its VP of Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion and DE&I Council, which helps implement specific diversity programs, supports internal training, and creates opportunities to spread awareness throughout the organization. The Company's DE&I Council is led by Mr. Joe Matthews, VP of Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion and includes employees from many different parts of the Company. The Company's DE&I initiatives are further supported by the DE&I Advisory Board, which is led by Mr. Matthews, and includes various executives, including the CEO, and members that are not employees of the Company. Mr. Matthews has been honored as a Salute to Diversity Winner by Corp! Magazine.
As a part of DE&I initiatives, the Company maintains a growing list of business resource groups ("BRGs") comprised of individuals with similar interests or backgrounds that work internally to support one another, develop leadership skills, and enhance cultural awareness. Among current BRGs are Women at Gentex and Veterans at Gentex. In 2022, Gentex also established a separate DE&I council in Salt Lake City to serve the Company employees that work at the research and development office located there. This separate council has supported several organizations in the local Salt Lake City area, including supporting students from diverse backgrounds and sponsoring events to support global causes.
DE&I efforts at the Company extend to the supply base as well, where the Company been recognized for ongoing efforts to increase supplier relationships with certified minority, woman, veteran, and LGBTQ-owned enterprises. In fact, the Company mentors certain such suppliers to help them develop the business systems and technology improvements necessary to support future growth. The Company is a member of or otherwise involved in the Michigan Minority Supplier Development Council, Original Equipment Supplier's Association - Diversity & Inclusion, Board of Governors, Consumer Technology Association - D&I Group, Michigan Diversity Connection, West Michigan Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, and the Great Lakes Women's Business Council.
Hiring rates, voluntary and involuntary turnover rates, internal rates of hiring and promotion, and safety records are considered as measures of the Company's success in human capital management. While hiring and diversity policies are in place as a means to remain on track in terms of appropriate human resources management, the DE&I efforts have furthered the process of creating a welcoming environment so the Company can hire and retain the best people. The Company produces a Sustainability Report, referenced below, providing more information regarding diversity and corporate responsibility. In an effort to ensure an excellent and increasingly diverse employment base, the Company has added Spanish speaking manufacturing lines, which involves materials for recruiting, orientation, on-boarding, training, and work in the Spanish language.
The Company is the recipient of an EPIC Diversity Visionary Award presented by a local Chamber of Commerce. Moreover, the Company's DE&I efforts related to actively developing and using minority, women, and veteran-owned suppliers have been acknowledged and recognized by multiple original equipment manufacturer ("OEM") customers. In fact, Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. has specifically recognized the Company's efforts over the last 10 years to increase supplier relationships with minority business enterprises. The Company has also won supplier diversity awards from Honda, Nissan, and Toyota, and was the City of Holland, Michigan's Human Relations Commission 2020 Social Justice Award winner.
In 2022, the Company established the Gentex Foundation, which will provide financial grants to organizations across the country in support of economic development, children's services, public health, housing assistance and diversity initiatives — among other causes. The Gentex Foundation is managed by a board of directors that will review grant applications with a particular focus on communities where Company employees live and work, consistent with the organization's values of integrity, compassion, innovation and diversity. Employees are encouraged to organize on-site fundraisers and to spend time volunteering at worthy charitable organizations in addition to giving financially. Support is also provided to a number of minority organizations in keeping with the Company's DE&I efforts and to continue to build an even more diverse and skilled workforce.
The Company's Board of Directors has regular touchpoints with management regarding: employee engagement; workforce planning (including capabilities and skills development); safety; understanding workforce demographics and DE&I strategies; and corporate culture. The Board and management know that the right talent is required to implement the Company's strategies. As such, the Board works with management appropriately regarding the approach to, and investment in, human capital that includes recruitment, talent development, retention, and diversity. The Board has access to all levels of employees in the Company in its efforts to properly oversee human resources and DE&I issues.
The Company's commitment to DE&I is very apparent by the inclusiveness of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee have taken concrete actions to increase Board diversity, including use of various resources and environments to identify qualified and diverse director candidates. Such candidates are contacted and interviewed in order to continue to build an even more diverse, qualified, and capable Board. In the Company's 2022 Proxy Statement, the Company disclosed Board of Directors diversity information as required by NASDAQ, and will continue to do so in the future.
The Board has also implemented a Complaint Submission and Handling Policy for concerns to be raised as needed.
Disclosure on Website. The Company has a Sustainability section of its website (https://www.gentex.com/about/sustainability) to provide insight into how the Company is committed to protecting the environment by complying with all environmental laws and related requirements, while at the same time striving for continual improvement in sustainability and environmental performance. The Company's Sustainability Report, published each year and available on the Company's website, provides significant details regarding the Company's approach to sustainability.
General. The Company makes intentional decisions that reflect the desire to be responsible with all resources and achieve the Company's goal of meaningful change.
Energy and Climate Change. The Company understands that energy use and manufacturing are large contributors of the Company's overall greenhouse gas emissions. As such, the Company remains committed to improving energy-efficiency. To that end, the Company has announced to the following carbon reduction and neutrality goals:
–By 2026, 15% below 2020 levels
–By 2031, 40% below 2020 levels
–By 2041, 70% below 2020 levels
–By 2049, carbon neutrality
The Company implements efficient alternatives for capital equipment, uses automated building management systems to use less energy, and has put in place extremely efficient lighting and HVAC equipment. The Company also participates in the local Energy Smart Program, which promotes the implementation of progressive energy efficiency projects, including achieving the maximum goal possible for lighting and HVAC improvements, compressed air leak audits, and building control systems. The Company also converted one of its manufacturing facilities to be powered entirely by renewable energy in 2022.
Gentex Environmental Management System (GEMS). The Company's environmental management system is based on ISO 14001 (international environmental standard). This system governs environmental performance by addressing the impact of the Company's activities, products, and services on the environment. At each Company facility, environmental impact is measured and improved upon annually by eliminating waste and emissions, maximizing efficiency of processes and resources, and increased recycling and reuse. The foregoing has allowed the Company to establish long-term measures for minimizing the negative effects on the environment, while maximizing positive outputs for the communities in which the Company operates. Various metrics are tracked to gauge the environmental performance of the Company’s facilities, including: electricity use; process water use; natural gas use; VOC air emissions; and greenhouse gas emissions (both those directly controlled and those from electricity usage).
Waste and Recycling. The Company also has robust waste and recycling strategies, tracking solid waste to landfill, solid waste recycled, and regulated waste. As a part of its strategies, the Company has committed to the following landfill avoidance goals:
–By 2026, 20% below 2020 levels
–By 2031, 60% below 2020 levels
–By 2041, 90% below 2020 levels
–By 2045, 100% zero landfill waste
Initiatives. With respect to sustainability initiatives, the Company has undertaken a number of actions related to energy, waste stewardship, water management, and environmental protection. Regarding energy, the Company: utilizes software-managed and occupancy-sensor controlled lighting in all facilities; has air economizers and energy recovery units in HVAC systems; utilizes energy efficient fluorescent lighting; has certain white material roofs to reflect sunlight; has insulated metal panel systems for exterior walls (for energy efficiency); captures excess heat from compressed air systems and uses it to preheat/temper water used in production; takes excess water from production processes to use in boiler/snow melt water; and installed a centralized water chiller plant to lower energy use. Regarding waste stewardship, the Company improved its cleaning method for certain products to reduce material usage preventing thousands of pounds of additional waste material and uses recycled materials in facility carpets. In terms of waste management, the Company: put in place a water recovery system that significantly reduced overall water usage; collects storm water to reduce discharge into municipal drain systems; implemented irrigation software to monitor weather conditions thereby reducing water consumption; and diligently works to monitor and reduce potential pollutants in its facilities. In terms of environmental protection, the Company has: integrated “green roofs”; adopted a highway to clean waste from public lands; constructed wetland and wildlife habitat areas; and acquired property which includes natural wetlands. As regards transportation, the Company maintains: 22 electric vehicle charging stations; a bicycle fleet for travel between facilities; a bus shelter to encourage bus ridership; and Sweed banding choppers at certain facilities to reduce frequency of trips to recycling.
The Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports, will be made available, free of charge, through the Investor Information section of the Company’s website (http://ir.gentex.com) as soon as practicable after such materials are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The SEC maintains a website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issues that a company files electronically with the SEC.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Safe Harbor for Forward-Looking Statements. This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The statements contained in this communication that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give the Company’s current expectations or forecasts of future events. These forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “future,” “goal,” “guidance,” “hope,” “intend,” “may,” “opinion,” “optimistic,” “plan,” “poised,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “strategy,” “target,” “will,” "work to," and variations of such words and similar expressions. Such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that are often difficult to predict and beyond the Company’s control, and could cause the Company’s results to differ materially from those described. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation: changes in general industry or regional market conditions, including the impact of inflation; changes in consumer and customer preferences for our products (such as cameras replacing mirrors and/or autonomous driving); our ability to be awarded new business; continued uncertainty in pricing negotiations with customers and suppliers; loss of business from increased competition; changes in strategic relationships; customer bankruptcies or divestiture of customer brands; fluctuation in vehicle production schedules (including the impact of customer employee strikes); changes in product mix; raw material and other supply shortages; labor shortages, supply chain constraints and disruptions; our dependence on information systems; higher raw material, fuel, energy and other costs; unfavorable fluctuations in currencies or interest rates in the regions in which we operate; costs or difficulties related to the integration and/or ability to maximize the value of any new or acquired technologies and businesses; changes in regulatory conditions; warranty and recall claims and other litigation and customer reactions thereto; possible adverse results of pending or future litigation or infringement claims; changes in tax laws; import and export duty and tariff rates in or with the countries with which we conduct business; negative impact of any governmental investigations and associated litigation including securities litigation relating to the conduct of our business; and the length and severity of the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, including its impact across our business on demand, operations, and the global supply chain. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made.
The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law or the rules of the NASDAQ Global Select Market. Accordingly, any forward-looking statement should be read in conjunction with the additional information about risks and uncertainties identified under the heading “Risk Factors” in the Company’s latest Form 10-K and Form 10-Q filed with the SEC, which risks and uncertainties now include the impacts of COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic and supply chain constraints that have affected, are affecting, and will continue to affect, general economic and industry conditions, customers, suppliers, and the regulatory environment in which the Company operates. Includes content supplied by S&P Global Mobility / IHS Markit Light Vehicle Production Forecast (http://www.gentex.com/forecast-disclaimer).
The following risk factors, together with all other information provided in this Annual Report on Form 10-K should be carefully considered.
Automotive Industry. Customers within the auto industry comprise approximately 97% of our net sales. The automotive industry has always been cyclical and highly impacted by levels of economic activity. The current economic environment, including inflation, continues to be uncertain, and continues to cause financial and production stresses evidenced by volatile automotive production levels, volatility with customer orders, supplier part and material shortages (especially electronics components), automotive and Tier 1 supplier plant shutdowns, customer and supplier financial issues, commodity raw material cost increases, supply constraints, tariffs, consumer vehicle preference shifts (where we have a lower penetration rate and lower content per vehicle), and supply chain stresses, all of which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the fallout therefrom. If automotive customers (including their Tier 1 suppliers) and suppliers experience significant plant shutdowns, work stoppages, strikes, part shortages, etc., it will further disrupt our shipments to these customers, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. Automakers continue to experience volatility and uncertainty in executing planned new programs on time, due in part to continued vehicle complexity increases and supply chain constraints. This brings increased risk of delays or cancellations of new vehicle platforms, package configurations, and inaccurate volume forecasts. This makes it challenging for us to forecast future sales and manage costs, inventory, capital, engineering, research and development, and human resource investments, in addition to the aforementioned factors.
Key Customers. We have a number of large customers, including three automotive customers which each account for 10% or more of our annual net sales in 2022 (including direct sales to OEM customers and sales through their Tier 1 suppliers): Volkswagen Group, Toyota Motor Company, and General Motors. The loss of all or a substantial portion of the sales to, or decreases in production by, any of these customers (or certain other significant customers) could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Pricing Pressures. We continue to experience ongoing pricing pressures from our automotive customers and competitors, which have affected, and which will continue to affect our profit margins to the extent that we are unable to offset the pricing pressures with price adjustments, engineering and purchasing cost reductions, productivity improvements, increases in unit shipments of mirrors and electronics with advanced features, and/or new or advanced technologies, each of which pose ongoing challenges, which could continue to adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Raw Materials and Other Product Component Costs. Increasing costs in raw materials, energy, commodities, labor, and other product component costs adversely affects our business, financial condition and/or results of operations. These costs have generally increased as a result of supply chain disruptions, constrained labor availability, global economic factors, as well as inflationary impacts. When these prices rise and we are unable to recover such cost increases from our customers, those increases have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations;
Tariffs. The geopolitical environment between the Unites States and other jurisdictions, most significantly China, continues to cause uncertainty on tariffs and trade. Previously enacted tariffs have increased the Company's input costs, and have the potential to challenge the Company's competitive position in foreign markets. The continuance of these tariffs and/or escalation of disputes in the geopolitical environment could continue to interfere with automotive supply chains and may have a continued negative impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, and/or results of operations, especially since the Company primarily manufactures and ships from one location. We cannot predict what further action may be taken with respect to tariffs or trade relations between the U.S. and other governments, and any further changes in U.S. or international trade policy could have a further adverse impact on our business.
Competition. We recognize that Magna Mirrors, our main competitor, may have considerably more resources available to it, and may present a formidable competitive threat. Additionally, other companies have demonstrated products that are competitive to our Full Display Mirror® system and other products. We acknowledge that dimming device (e.g., electrochromic) technology is the subject of research and development efforts by numerous third parties.
For example, our SmartBeam® product is a driver-assist feature for headlamp lighting control that competes with other multiple-function driver-assist features that include headlamp lighting control as one of the multiple functions. While we believe SmartBeam® is a low cost solution for a safety feature that makes nighttime driving safer by maximizing a vehicle's high-beam usage, competition from multiple-function driver-assist products has already and could continue to impact the success of SmartBeam®.
On March 31, 2014 the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers petitioned the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ("NHTSA") to allow automakers to use camera monitoring systems ("CMS") as an option to replace conventional rearview mirrors within North America, however, no final rule or legislation was made in response to this petition. At the annual SAE Government-Industry Meeting in January 2017, NHTSA requested that SAE develop Recommended Procedures for test protocols and performance criteria for CMS that would replace mirror systems on light vehicles in the U.S. market. SAE assigned the task to the Driver Vision Committee, and the SAE Driver Vision Committee created a CMS Task Force to draft the Recommended Procedures. NHTSA published a report dated October 2018 related to camera monitoring systems for outside mirror replacements. On October 10, 2019, an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) was published seeking public comment on permitting camera-based rear visibility systems, as an alternative to inside and outside rearview mirrors required under Federal motor vehicle safety standard (FMVSS) No. 111, “Rear Visibility,” which currently requires that vehicles be equipped with rearview mirrors to provide drivers with a view of objects that are to their side or to their side and rear. This ANPRM builds on NHTSA's prior efforts to obtain supporting technical information, data, and analysis on CMS so that the agency can determine whether these systems can provide the same level of safety as the rearview mirrors currently required under FMVSS No. 111. The ANPRM states that one reason NHTSA is seeking additional information is because research conducted by NHTSA and others between 2006 and 2017 has consistently shown that prototype and preproduction camera-based rear visibility systems can exhibit safety-relevant performance issues. In November 2022, NHTSA conducted a public meeting and discussed the on-going research of this technology.
In July 2016, a revision to UN-ECE Regulation 46 was published with an effective date of June 18, 2016, which allows for camera monitor systems to replace mirrors within Japan and European countries. Since January 2017, camera monitoring systems are also permitted as an alternative to replace mirrors in the Korean market. China has now released an updated version of its GB15084, which will be effective later in 2023, and allows for camera
monitoring systems, frameless mirrors and aspheric (free-form) glass surfaces. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company continues to believe rearview mirrors provide a robust, simple and cost effective means to view the surrounding areas of a vehicle and remain the primary safety function for rear vision today. Cameras, when used as the primary rear vision delivery mechanism, have some inherent limitations such as: electrical failure; cameras being blocked or obstructed; depth perception challenges; and viewing angle of the camera. Nonetheless, the Company continues designing and manufacturing not only rearview mirrors, but CMOS imagers and video displays as well. The Company believes that combining video displays with mirrors provides a more robust product by addressing all driving conditions in a single solution that can be controlled by the driver. The Company has been in production with the Company's Full Display Mirror® since 2015 and has, in the ordinary course of business, been awarded programs with fourteen (14) OEM customers. The Company is currently shipping production Full Display Mirrors® to all fourteen of these customers. In 2022, the Company began shipping Full Display Mirror® on 18 new nameplates and are currently shipping Full Display Mirror® on 86 nameplates. The Company's CMS solution uses three cameras to provide a comprehensive view of the sides and rear of the vehicle while still providing the traditional safety of interior and exterior mirrors, that still function when cameras are obstructed, or not functioning. The Company has previously announced that the Company continues to develop in the areas of imager performance, camera dynamic range, lens design, image processing from the camera to the display, and camera lens cleaning. The Company acknowledges that as such technology evolves over time, such as cameras replacing mirrors and/or autonomous driving, there could be increased competition.
Supply Chain Disruptions. As a result of just-in-time supply chains within our business and the automotive industry, disruptions in our supply chain have occurred, are occurring, and are expected to continue to occur due to the industry-wide parts shortages, labor shortages, and other global supply chain constraints. We have and continue to take a number of steps to mitigate the current supply chain challenges, which include strategies involving the additional procurement of available raw materials to prepare for assembling finished goods more quickly when supply constraints ease for certain common components. These inventory strategies further introduce obsolescence risk that impacts our business, financial conditions, and/or results of operations. As our customers' forecasted demand changes, inventory becomes obsolete and write-offs or write-downs of our inventory are exacerbated. Disruptions can also occur due to natural disasters, other pandemics, work stoppages, strikes, bankruptcy, etc. Such circumstances have disrupted, are disrupting, and will continue to disrupt our shipments to automakers and Tier 1 customers, which adversely affects our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Workforce Disruptions. We have experienced, and may continue to experience in the future, disruptions to our workforce as a result of a tight labor market, employee illness, quarantines, absenteeism, and restrictions on certain of our employee's ability to work as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The impacts of continued disruptions to our workforce have affected, are affecting, and are expected to continue to affect our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Product Mix. We sell products that have varying profit margins. Our financial performance can be impacted depending on the mix of products we sell and to which customers, during a given period. The automotive industry is subject to rapid technological change, vigorous competition, short product life cycles and cyclical, ever-changing consumer demand patterns. When our customers are adversely affected by these factors, we may be similarly affected to the extent that our customers reduce the volume of orders for our products. As a result of such changes and circumstances impacting our customers, our sales mix can shift, which may have either favorable or unfavorable impact on revenue and would include shifts in regional growth, in OEM sales demand, as well as in consumer demand related to vehicle segment purchases, and content penetration. A decrease in consumer demand for specific types of vehicles where we have traditionally provided higher value content could have a significant effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. Our forward guidance and estimates assume a certain geographic sales mix as well as a product sales mix. When actual results vary from this projected geographic and product mix of sales, our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations are impacted.
Business Combinations. We anticipate that acquisitions of businesses and assets may play a role in our future growth. We cannot be certain that we will be able to identify attractive acquisition targets, have resources available for or obtain financing for acquisitions on satisfactory terms, successfully acquire identified targets or manage timing of acquisitions with capital obligations across our businesses. Additionally, we may not be successful in integrating acquired businesses into our existing operations, achieving projected synergies, and/or maximizing the value of acquired technologies and businesses. Competition for acquisition opportunities in the various industries in which we operate already exists and may increase, thereby potentially increasing our costs of making acquisitions or causing us to refrain from making further acquisitions. We are also subject to applicable antitrust laws and must avoid anticompetitive behavior. These and other acquisition-related factors may negatively and adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Intellectual Property. We believe that our patents and trade secrets provide us with a competitive advantage in automotive rearview mirrors, variable dimmable devices, certain electronics, and fire protection products, although no single patent is necessarily required for the success of our products. The loss of any significant combination of patents and trade secrets regarding our products could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. Lack of intellectual property protection in a number of countries, including China, represents a current and ongoing risk for the Company.
New Technology and Product Development. We continue to invest significantly in engineering, research and development projects. Should these efforts ultimately prove unsuccessful, our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations could be adversely affected.
Intellectual Property Litigation and Infringement Claims. A successful claim of patent or other intellectual property infringement and damages against us could affect business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. If a person or company claims that our products infringed their intellectual property rights, any resulting litigation could be costly, time consuming, and would divert the attention of management and key personnel from other business issues. The complexity of the technology involved in our business and the uncertainty of intellectual property litigation significantly increases these risks and makes such risk part of our ongoing business. To that end, we periodically obtain intellectual property rights, in the ordinary course of business, to strengthen our intellectual property portfolio and minimize potential risks of infringement. The increasing tendency of patents granted to others on combinations of known technology is a potential threat to our Company. Any of these adverse consequences could potentially have an effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
Credit Risk. Certain automakers and Tier 1 customers from time to time may consider the sale of certain business segments or bankruptcy as a result of financial stress. Should one or more of our larger customers (including sales through their Tier 1 suppliers) declare bankruptcy or sell their business, it could adversely affect the collection of receivables, our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. The current economic environment continues to cause increased financial pressures and production stresses on our customers, which could impact the timeliness of customer payments and ultimately the collectability of receivables.
Our allowance for doubtful accounts primarily relates to financially distressed automotive mirror and electronics customers. We continue to work with these financially distressed customers in collecting past due balances. Refer to Note 1 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Business Disruptions. Manufacturing of our proprietary products employing electro-optic technology is performed primarily at our manufacturing facilities in Zeeland and Holland, Michigan. One of our manufacturing facilities is located in Holland, Michigan, which is approximately three miles from our other primary manufacturing facilities in Zeeland, Michigan. Should a catastrophic event occur, our ability to manufacture product, complete existing orders and provide other services could be severely impacted for an undetermined period of time. We have purchased business interruption insurance to address some of these risks. Our inability to conduct normal business operations for a period of time may have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
IT Infrastructure and Cybersecurity. A failure of our information technology ("IT") infrastructure could adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. We rely upon the capacity, reliability and security of our information technology infrastructure and our ability to expand and continually update this infrastructure in response to the changing needs of our business. For example, we have implemented enterprise resource planning and other IT systems in certain aspects of our business over a period of several years and continue to update and further implement new systems going forward. Like many systems, these systems may not always perform as expected. We also face the challenge of supporting our older systems and implementing necessary upgrades. If we experience a problem with the functioning of an important IT system or a security breach of our IT systems, the resulting disruptions could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
We face certain security threats, including threats to the confidentiality, availability and integrity of our data and systems. We maintain an extensive network of technical security controls, policy enforcement mechanisms, monitoring systems and management oversight in order to address these threats. While these measures are designed to prevent, detect and respond to unauthorized activity in, or otherwise compromise of, our systems, certain types of attacks, including cyber-attacks, could result in significant financial or information losses and/or reputational harm. We, and certain of our third-party vendors, receive and store personal information in connection with our human resources operations and other aspects of our business. Despite our implementation of security measures, our IT systems, like all IT systems, are vulnerable to damages from computer viruses, natural disasters,
unauthorized access, cyber-attack and other similar disruptions. Any system failure, accident or security breach could result in disruptions to our operations. A material network breach in the security of our IT systems could include the theft of our intellectual property, trade secrets or customer information. To the extent that any disruptions or security breach results in a loss or damage to our data, or an inappropriate disclosure of confidential or customer information, it could cause significant damage to our reputation, affect our relationships with our customers, lead to claims against the Company and ultimately harm our business, reputation, financial condition, and/or results of operations. In addition, we may be required to incur significant costs to protect against damage caused by these disruptions or security breaches in the future.
Government Regulations. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act contains provisions to improve transparency and accountability concerning the supply of certain minerals, known as conflict minerals, originating from the Democratic Republic of Congo ("DRC") and adjoining countries. As a result, in August 2012 the SEC adopted annual disclosure and reporting requirements for those companies who use conflict minerals mined from the DRC and adjoining countries in their products. These requirements necessitate due diligence efforts, and the Company has disclosed its findings annually to the SEC on Form SD around May 30 each year since 2012. As there may be only a limited number of suppliers offering "conflict free" minerals necessary for our products, the Company cannot be certain that we will be able to obtain necessary conflict minerals from such suppliers in sufficient quantities or at competitive prices. Also, the Company may face reputational challenges if we determine that certain of our products contain minerals not determined to be conflict free or if the Company is unable to sufficiently verify the origins for all conflict minerals used in the Company's products through the procedures the Company may implement.
On December 8, 2015, NHTSA proposed changes to the Administration’s 5-Star Safety Ratings for new vehicles (also known as the New Car Assessment Program or NCAP) and initiated a comment period. The proposed changes will, for the first time, encompass assessment of crash-avoidance technologies, which includes lower beam headlamp performance, semi-automatic headlamp switching, and blind spot detection. NHTSA originally intended to implement the enhancements in NCAP in 2018 beginning with model year 2019 vehicles. The NCAP implementation has been delayed. Under these proposed changes, the Company believes that its SmartBeam® technology will qualify with the semi-automatic headlamp NCAP rating system, and that its SmartBeam® technology and exterior mirrors with blind spot alert lighting can be included in a system that qualifies with the lower beam headlamp performance and blind spot detection NCAP rating system, respectively. On October 16, 2019, NHTSA issued a press release comparing NCAP to other regions’ version of NCAP, identified new technologies that are not currently included in NCAP, and suggested Congress legislatively direct actions to improve NCAP. On January 14, 2021, NHTSA issued a request for comment regarding NCAP with advanced driver assist features, including forward collision, lane keeping, blind spot detection and forward pedestrian impact avoidance technologies.
On October 12, 2018, NHTSA published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ("NPRM") for amendments to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard ("FMVSS") No. 108: Lamps, reflective devices, and associated equipment, and initiated a comment period. The NPRM proposes amendments that would permit the certification of adaptive driving beam head-lighting systems, if the manufacturer chooses to equip vehicles with these systems. NHTSA proposes to establish appropriate performance requirements to ensure the safe introduction of adaptive driving beam head-lighting systems if equipped on newly manufactured vehicles. The Company believes that its dynamic SmartBeam® lighting control system (dynamic forward lighting or DFL), which has been sold in markets outside of North America for several years, will meet the requirements of the new FMVSS No. 108 standards, if amended. The Company's SmartBeam® application has and will continue to be affected by increased competition suppliers of multi-function driver assist camera products, which are able to achieve some of the same functionality as SmartBeam® but at a lower cost, due to other suppliers leveraging similar hardware costs, but offering products with multiple software features.
As noted, on October 10, 2019, an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ("ANPRM") was published seeking public comment on permitting camera-based rear visibility systems, as an alternative to inside and outside rearview mirrors required under FMVSS No. 111, “Rear Visibility,” which currently requires that vehicles be equipped with rearview mirrors to provide drivers with a view of objects that are to their side or to their side and rear. This ANPRM builds on NHTSA's prior efforts to obtain supporting technical information, data, and analysis on CMS so that the agency can determine whether these systems can provide the same level of safety as the rearview mirrors currently required under FMVSS No. 111. The ANPRM states that one reason NHTSA is seeking additional information is because research conducted by NHTSA and others between 2006 and 2017 has consistently shown that prototype and preproduction camera-based rear visibility systems can exhibit safety-relevant performance issues. In November 2022, NHTSA conducted a public meeting and discussed the ongoing research of this technology.
On February 1, 2022, NHTSA signed a Final Rule to allow for adaptive driving beam headlights, and the Final Rule is awaiting publication in the Federal Registrar. The Company believes its adaptive SmartBeam® (dynamic lighting system), which has been manufactured and sold for many years in jurisdictions outside the United States, will be permitted under the NHTSA Final Rule.
Antitakeover Provisions. Our articles of incorporation, bylaws, and the laws of the state of Michigan include provisions that may provide our board of directors with adequate time to consider whether a hostile takeover offer is in our best interest and the best interests of our shareholders. These provisions, however, could discourage potential acquisition proposals and could delay or prevent a change in control.
Fluctuations in Market Price. The market price for our common stock has fluctuated, ranging from a low closing price of $23.80 to a high closing price of $36.18 during calendar year 2022. The overall market and the price of our common stock may continue to fluctuate. There may be a significant impact on the market price for our common stock relating to the issues discussed above or due to any of the following:
•Variations in our anticipated or actual operating results or the results of our competitors;
•Changes in investors’ or analysts’ perceptions of the risks and conditions of our business and in particular our primary industry;
•Intellectual property litigation and infringement claims or other litigation;
•The size of the public float of our common stock;
•Market conditions, including the industry in which we operate; and
•General macroeconomic conditions.
General Risk Factors
COVID-19 Pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has already significantly impacted worldwide economic and industry conditions and has had, is having, and is expected to continue to have, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations. The extent and duration of such possible impacts will depend on numerous factors, including:
•Duration and severity of any outbreaks and resulting actions taken by the Company or the various governments to contain or mitigate the spread of the coronavirus;
•Global governmental, business and individual actions taken in response to COVID-19, such as work stoppages, quarantines, shutdowns, shelter-in-place orders or other limitations, as well as voluntary shutdowns and other restrictions;
•The effect on our suppliers and companies throughout our supply chain, including industry wide part shortages and created labor shortages;
•Our ability to fulfill existing and future sales order backlog;
•Reductions or volatility in demand for our products or services;
•Increasing logistics costs and transportation challenges;
•Costs of any additional preparedness plans or actions to help ensure the health and safety of our employees and continued operations;
•Availability of employees to staff our operations and those of companies in our supply chain;
•Our ability to establish and maintain appropriate estimates and assumptions used to prepare the Consolidated Financial Statements; and
•The financial and credit markets and economic activity generally, all of which have harmed and could continue to harm our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations, including impacting the ability to access capital and comply with any financial covenants.
Income Taxes. The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. and other foreign jurisdictions. Changes in tax rates, adoption of new tax laws or other additional tax policies, and other proposals to reform United States and foreign tax laws could adversely affect the Company's operating results, cash flows, and financial condition. The Company’s domestic and international tax liabilities are dependent upon the location of earnings among these different jurisdictions.
Employees. Our business success depends on attracting and retaining qualified personnel. Throughout our Company, our ability to sustain and grow our business requires us to hire, retain and develop a highly skilled and diverse management team and workforce. Failure to ensure that we have the leadership capacity with the necessary skill sets and experience and a skilled workforce could impede our ability to deliver our growth objectives and execute our strategic plan. Organizational and reporting changes within management could result in, and low
unemployment has contributed to, increased turnover. Turnover, inability to attract and retain key employees, including managers, or government mandated remote work has had, is having, and is expected to continue to have a negative effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
International Operations. We currently conduct operations in various countries and jurisdictions, including purchasing raw materials and other supplies from many different countries around the world, which subjects us to the legal, political, regulatory and social requirements as well as various economic conditions in these jurisdictions. Some of these countries are considered growth markets. International sales and operations, especially in growth markets, subject us to certain risks inherent in doing business abroad, including:
•Exposure to local economic, political and labor conditions;
• Unexpected changes in laws, regulations, trade or monetary or fiscal policy, including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and changes in the rate of inflation in the U.S. and other foreign countries;
• Tariffs (as discussed herein), quotas, customs and other import or export restrictions and other trade barriers;
•Natural disasters, political crises, and public health crises (such as the COVID-19 pandemic), which have caused, are causing, and will likely continue to cause downtime and closures at both supplier and customer facilities;
•Brexit, and its impact;
•Expropriation and nationalization;
• Difficulty of enforcing agreements, collecting receivables and protecting assets through non-U.S. legal systems;
• Reduced intellectual property protection;
•Withholding and other taxes on remittances and other payments by subsidiaries;
• Investment restrictions or requirements;
• Export and import restrictions;
• Violence and civil unrest in local countries;
• Compliance with the requirements of an increasing body of applicable anti-bribery laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act and similar laws of various other countries; and
•Exposure related to buying, selling and financing in currencies other than the local currencies of the countries in which we operate.
Other. Other issues and uncertainties which could adversely impact our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations include:
•Rising commodity prices and inflation generally, where we are unable to recover such increases from customers;
•Increasing interest rates impact our financial performance due to an increase in realized losses on the sale of fixed income investments and/or recognized losses due to a corresponding impairment adjustment on investment securities and can impact customer demand as well;
•General economic conditions continue to be of concern in many of the regions in which we do business, given that our primary industry is greatly impacted by overall general economic conditions. Any continued adverse worldwide economic conditions, currency exchange rates, trade war, war or significant terrorist acts, could each affect worldwide automotive sales and production levels, thereby impacting the Company;
•Manufacturing yield issues; and
•Obligations and costs associated with addressing quality issues or warranty claims.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company operates primarily out of facilities in Zeeland and Holland, Michigan, which consist of manufacturing, warehouse, and office space. The Company also operates a chemistry lab facility in Zeeland, Michigan to support production. In addition, the Company operates overseas offices in Europe and Asia as further discussed below. The location, square footage and use of the most significant facilities as of December 31, 2022 were as follows:
|Owned Locations||Square Footage|
Date of Acquisition/Build(1)
|Zeeland, MI||26,600 ||1970||Warehouse, Office|
|Zeeland, MI||197,200 ||1972||Manufacturing, Office|
|Zeeland, MI||70,000 ||1989||Manufacturing|
|Zeeland, MI||70,000 ||1989||Office|
|Zeeland, MI||359,100 ||1996||Manufacturing|
|Zeeland, MI||168,900 ||2000||Manufacturing|
|Zeeland, MI||334,000 ||2006||Manufacturing, Office|
|Zeeland, MI||100,000 ||2010||Manufacturing, Warehouse|
|Zeeland, MI||31,800 ||2011||Office|
|Zeeland, MI||349,600 ||2016||Manufacturing, Warehouse|
|Zeeland, MI||258,400 ||2018||Warehouse|
|Holland, MI||242,300 ||2012||Manufacturing, Warehouse|
|Holland, MI||29,900 ||2021||Office|
|Erlenbach, Germany||90,000 ||2003||Office|
|Shanghai, China||25,000 ||2006||Office, Warehouse|
|Shanghai, China||85,000 ||2017||Office, Warehouse, Light Assembly|
(1)Date of Acquisition/Build refers to first year of operations and does not refer to subsequent additions or expansions.
In 2021, the Company completed construction of a 36,000 square-foot addition to its main corporate office and manufacturing facility to expand its chemistry lab facilities, with a total cost of approximately $10 million, which was funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand.
Additionally, in the first quarter of 2022, the Company began construction on a 345,000 square-foot manufacturing facility located at a 140 acre site in Zeeland, Michigan, where the Company previously performed master planning and completed land infrastructure improvements. The total cost of the building project is expected to be approximately $80 - 90 million and will be funded with cash and cash equivalents on hand. The facility is expected to be operational sometime in 2023.
The Company has also begun construction on two building expansions during the second quarter of 2022. The Company is expanding its current distribution center by an additional 300,000 square feet, with a total cost still expected to be approximately $40 - $45 million. The Company is also expanding another of its manufacturing facilities by an additional 60,000 feet, with a total cost still expected to be $20 - $30 million. Both of these expansion projects will be funded with cash and cash equivalents on hand.
The Company also has leased sales and engineering offices throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia to support its sales and engineering efforts, as well as a leased manufacturing facility in Grand Rapids, Michigan:
|Country||Number of Leased Offices/Facilities|
The Company's Automotive Products segment operates in virtually all of the foregoing facilities. The Company's Other segment operates in certain Zeeland, Michigan facilities, as well as a research and development offices in Salt Lake City, Utah and Santa Clara, CA.
The Company believes its existing and planned facilities are currently suitable, adequate, and have the capacity required for current and near-term planned business. Nevertheless, the Company continues to evaluate longer term facilities needs.
The Company estimates that it currently has building capacity to manufacture approximately 34 - 37 million interior automatic-dimming mirror units annually, based on current product mix (excluding the impact of the above referenced construction). The Company evaluates equipment capacity on an ongoing basis and adds equipment as needed. In 2022, the Company shipped 28.7 million interior automatic-dimming mirrors.
The Company’s automotive exterior mirror manufacturing facility has an estimated building capacity to manufacture approximately 15 - 18 million units annually, based on the current product mix (excluding the impact of the above referenced construction). The Company evaluates equipment capacity on an ongoing basis and adds equipment as needed. In 2022, the Company shipped approximately 15.5 million exterior automatic-dimming mirrors.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
The Company is periodically involved in legal proceedings, legal actions and claims arising in the normal course of business, including proceedings relating to product liability, intellectual property, safety and health, employment and other matters. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties and outcomes are not predictable. The Company does not believe however, that at the current time, there are any matters that constitute material pending legal proceedings that will have a material adverse effect on the financial position, future results of operations, or cash flows of the Company.
On February 7, 2023, the SEC announced, as previously disclosed by the Company on Form 8-K, that it has accepted an Offer of Settlement submitted by the Company and its current Chief Financial Officer Kevin Nash. Under the settlement, without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings in this matter, the Company and Nash have consented to the entry of an administrative civil cease-and-desist order by the SEC (the “Order”) with respect to certain violations of the federal securities laws in the third quarter of 2015 through the second quarter of 2018 (the “Relevant Period”). The Company agreed to pay a civil monetary penalty of $4.0 million, which was fully accrued by the Company in the second and third quarters of 2022. Nash agreed to pay a civil monetary penalty of $75,000.
The Order states that, during the Relevant Period, the Company had deficiencies in its accounting for its employee bonus compensation programs, and failed to maintain accurate books and records and sufficient internal accounting controls, in violation of Sections 13(a), 13(b)(2)(A) and 13(b)(2)(B) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rules 13a-11, 13a-13, 13a-15, and 12b-20 thereunder. The Order further states that, during the Relevant Period and while serving as Chief Accounting Officer, Nash did not sufficiently document the bases for certain accounting entries, in violation of Section 13(b)(5) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13b2-1 thereunder, and causing the Company’s violations of Exchange Act Sections 13(a), 13(b)(2)(A), and 13(b)(2)(B), and Rules 13a-11, 13a-13, 13a-15, and 12b-20 thereunder.
The resolution of this matter did not involve a restatement of the Company’s previously filed financial statements.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
(a) The Company’s common stock trades on The Nasdaq Global Select Market® under the symbol GNTX. As of February 1, 2023, there were 4,671 record-holders of the Company’s common stock and restricted common stock.
See Item 12 of Part III with respect to "Equity Compensation Plan Information", which is incorporated herein by reference.
Stock Performance Graph: The following graph depicts the cumulative total return on the Company’s common stock compared to the cumulative total return on the Nasdaq Composite Index (all U.S. companies) and the Dow Jones U.S. Auto Parts Index (excluding tire and rubber makers). The graph assumes an investment of $100 on the last trading day of 2017 and reinvestment of dividends in all cases.
In February 2022, the Company's Board of Directors approved a continuing resolution to pay a quarterly dividend at a rate of $0.120 per share until the board takes other action with respect to the payment of dividends. The Company intends to continue to pay a quarterly cash dividend and will consider future dividend rate adjustments based on the Company’s financial condition, profitability, cash flow, liquidity and other relevant business factors.
(b) Not applicable.
(c) The Company has in place and has announced a share repurchase plan. As previously disclosed, the Company may purchase authorized shares of its common stock under the plan based on a number of factors, including: market, economic, and industry conditions; the market price of the Company's common stock; anti-
dilutive effect on earnings; available cash; and other factors that the Company deems appropriate. The plan does not have an expiration date, but the Board of Directors reviews such plan periodically.
The following is a summary of share repurchase activity during 2022:
|Issuer Purchase of Equity Securities|
|Period||Total Number of Shares Purchased||Average Price Paid Per Share||Total Number of Shares Purchased As Part of a Publicly Announced Plan*||Maximum Number of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plan*|
|January 2022||— ||$||— ||— ||24,824,068 |
|February 2022||490,021 ||30.63 ||490,021 ||24,334,047 |
|March 2022||1,950,169 ||28.84 ||1,950,169 ||22,383,878 |
|April 2022||— ||— ||— ||22,383,878 |
|May 2022||— ||— ||— ||22,383,878 |
|June 2022||— ||— ||— ||22,383,878 |
|July 2022||150,110 ||27.80 ||150,110 ||22,233,768 |
|August 2022||300,135 ||28.04 ||300,135 ||21,933,633 |
|September 2022||400,061 ||24.17 ||400,061 ||21,533,572 |
|October 2022||— ||— ||— ||21,533,572 |
|November 2022||— ||— ||— ||21,533,572 |
|December 2022||750,407 ||27.17 ||750,407 ||20,783,165 |
|Total||4,040,903 ||4,040,903 |
* See above paragraph with respect to the publicly announced share repurchase plan
Item 6. [Reserved]
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth for the periods indicated certain items from the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income expressed as a percentage of net sales and the percentage change in the dollar amount of each such item from that in the indicated previous year.
| ||Percentage of Net Sales||Percentage Change|
| || || || ||2022||2021|
| ||Year Ended December 31,||Vs||Vs|
|Net Sales||100.0 ||%||100.0 ||%||100.0 ||%||10.8 ||%||2.5 ||%|
|Cost of Goods Sold||68.2 ||64.2 ||64.1 ||17.8 ||2.7 |
|Gross Margin||31.8 ||35.8 ||35.9 ||(1.6)||2.4 |
|Engineering, Research and Development||6.9 ||6.8 ||6.9 ||13.2 ||1.6 |
|Selling, General and Administrative||5.5 ||5.3 ||5.3 ||15.6 ||2.5 |
|Total Operating Expenses:||12.5 ||12.1 ||12.2 ||14.2 ||2.0 |
|Operating Income||19.3 ||23.7 ||23.7 ||(9.7)||2.6 |
|Other Income/(Expense)||— ||40.0 ||0.7 ||(104.3)||(46.4)|
|Income Before Provision for Income Taxes||19.3 ||24.1 ||24.4 ||(11.2)||1.1 |
|Provision for Income Taxes||2.7 ||3.2 ||3.8 ||(8.3)||(13.5)|
|Net Income||16.6 ||%||20.8 ||%||20.6 ||%||(11.7)||%||3.8 ||%|
Results of Operations: 2022 to 2021
Net Sales. In 2022, the Company's net sales increased by $187.8 million, or 11% compared to the prior year. Light vehicle production in 2022 increased by 3% when compared to 2021 in the Company's primary markets, but total revenue for the year outperformed the underlying market by 8% despite the many supply chain challenges and customer order volatility encountered during the year. The increase in the Company's sales was primarily driven by a 6% year over year increase in automatic-dimming mirror shipments, from 41.8 million units in 2021 to 44.2 million units in 2022.
Other net sales for calendar year 2022 were $44.2 million, compared to Other net sales of $34.0 million in calendar year 2021. Fire protection sales in 2022 increased by 53% year over year, while dimmable aircraft windows were down 33% in 2022 compared to calendar year 2021. The Company expects that dimmable aircraft window sales will continue to be impacted until there is a meaningful recovery of the aerospace industry and the Boeing 787 production levels improve.
Cost of Goods Sold. As a percentage of net sales, cost of goods sold increased from 64.2% in 2021 to 68.2% in 2022. The year over year decrease in the gross margin was primarily the result of increased raw material costs, increased manufacturing costs, higher freight and logistics costs, and certain previously agreed to annual customer price reductions. On a year over year basis, increased raw material costs had a negative impact of approximately 250 - 300 basis points on gross margin. Manufacturing cost increases, freight and logistics cost increases, and annual customer price reductions each independently had a negative impact of approximately 50 - 100 basis points on gross margin on a year over year basis.
Operating Expenses. Engineering, research and development expenses ("E, R & D") increased by $15.5 million or 13% from 2021 to 2022, but remained at 7% of net sales. E, R & D increased primarily due to additional staffing, professional fees, new product development, and the ongoing product re-designs necessary to mitigate electronics part shortages.
Selling, general and administrative ("S, G & A") expenses increased by $14.3 million or 16% from 2021 to 2022, which represents 6% of net sales in 2022 compared to 5% in 2021. The primary reason for the increase in S, G & A from 2021 to 2022 was primarily due to staffing, increases in outbound freight expenses, and the return of in-person
customer meetings and trade show related expenses. S, G & A expenses were also impacted on a year over year basis by the $4.0 million settlement with the SEC that was accrued for in the second and third quarters of 2022, and the related legal and professional fees. See Item 3, Part I.
Total Other Income/(Expense). Investment income increased $1.2 million to $4.8 million for 2022 compared to $3.6 million for 2021 primarily due to increases in interest income from fixed income investments. Other income – net decreased $8.1 million in 2022 versus 2021, primarily due to additional losses on sales of debt investments on a year over year basis.
Taxes. The effective tax rate was 13.8% for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to 13.3% for the prior year. The effective tax rates in 2022 and 2021 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate, primarily due to the Foreign Derived Intangible Income Deduction, as well as additional equity compensation deductions and various tax credits.
Net Income. Net income decreased by $42.0 million in 2022, or 12% compared to 2021, primarily due to the year over year changes in gross margin and operating profits.
Results of Operations: 2021 to 2020
Net Sales. In 2021, the Company's net sales increased by $43.0 million, or 3% compared to the prior year. Net sales for 2021 were negatively impacted by lower than forecasted global vehicle production rates for calendar year 2021, which declined 3% on a year over year basis. The increase in the Company's sales was primarily driven by a 9% year over year increase in automatic-dimming mirror shipments, from 38.2 million units in 2020 to 41.8 million units in 2021, despite the electronics components shortages impacting the Company's ability to meet customer demand for Full Display Mirror® (FDM), Integrated Toll Module (ITM), and other advanced feature shipments.
Other net sales for calendar year 2021 were $34.0 million, compared to Other net sales of $40.0 million in calendar year 2020. Fire protection sales increased by 10% year over year, while dimmable aircraft windows were down 48% in 2021 compared to calendar year 2020. The Company expects that dimmable aircraft window sales will continue to be impacted until there is a more meaningful recovery of the aerospace industry and the Boeing 787 production levels improve.
Cost of Goods Sold. As a percentage of net sales, cost of goods sold increased from 64.1% in 2020 to 64.2% in 2021. The year over year decrease in the gross margin was primarily the result of annual customer price reductions and freight related cost increases, which were mostly offset by purchasing cost reductions and product mix improvement over 2020. On a year over year basis, annual customer price reductions and freight related cost increases each had a negative impact of approximately 100 - 150 basis points on gross margin. Purchasing cost reductions and product mix improvements in 2021 versus 2020 each independently had a positive impact on gross margin on a year over year basis of approximately 50 - 100 basis points.
Operating Expenses. Engineering, research and development expenses ("E, R & D") increased by $1.8 million or 2% from 2020 to 2021, but remained at 7% of net sales. E, R & D increased, primarily due to increased staffing levels, which continue to support growth and development of new business.
Selling, general and administrative ("S, G & A") expenses increased by $2.2 million or 2% from 2020 to 2021, but remained at 5% of net sales. The primary reason for the increase in S, G & A from 2020 to 2021 was due to wages and benefits, other resources associated with mitigation of the impacts of the global COVID-19 pandemic, and increased legal and professional fees.
Total Other Income/(Expense). Investment income decreased $3.4 million to $3.6 million for 2021 compared to $7.0 million for 2020 primarily due to decreases in interest income from fixed income investments. Other income – net decreased $2.3 million in 2021 versus 2020, primarily due to decreases in gains on sales of debt investments on a year over year basis, as well as gains recognized in 2020 on initial investments that were fully acquired during 2020.
Taxes. The effective tax rate was 13.3% for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 15.6% for the prior year. The effective tax rates in 2021 and 2020 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate, primarily due to the Foreign Derived Intangible Income Deduction, research and development tax credits and discrete benefits from stock based compensation.
Net Income. Net income increased by $13.2 million, or 4% year over year, primarily due to the 3% increase in revenue on a year over year basis, as well as the decrease in the effective tax rate.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company’s financial condition throughout the periods presented has remained very strong, despite lower than forecasted global vehicle production rates and supply chain disruptions in 2022 and a 3% decline in light vehicle production in the Company's primary markets from 2020 to 2021.
The Company's cash and cash equivalents were $214.8 million, $262.3 million, and $423.4 million as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company's cash and cash equivalents include amounts held by foreign subsidiaries of $12.5 million, $10.7 million and $7.4 million as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Cash flow from operating activities was $338.2 million, $362.2 million and $464.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Cash flow from operating activities decreased $24.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the prior year, primarily due to decreases in net income and changes in working capital, which were partially offset by changes in deferred taxes. Cash flow from operating activities decreased $102.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020, primarily due to changes in working capital and deferred taxes, which were partially offset by the increase in net income.
Cash flow used for investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased by $59.6 million to $172.7 million, compared with cash flow used for investing activities of $113.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily due to increased investment purchases of equity method investments during the year. Cash flow used for investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 increased by $139.5 million to $113.1 million, compared to cash flow provided by the year ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to increased investment purchases of fixed income investments during that year.
Capital expenditures were $146.4 million, $68.8 million, and $51.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, respectively. Capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased by $77.6 million compared with the year ended December 31, 2021 primarily due to an increase in expenditures related to building and facility construction projects previously discussed. Capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2021 increased by $17.1 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2020 primarily due to an increase in production equipment purchases.
Cash flow used for financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2022, decreased $201.1 million to $209.0 million, compared to $410.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily due to a decrease in the amount of shares of common stock repurchased which totaled $112.5 million during the calendar year 2022 as compared to $324.6 million during the calendar year 2021.
Cash flow used for financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021, increased $46.3 million to $410.1 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to a reduction in the amount of shares of common stock repurchased which totaled $324.6 million during the calendar year 2021 as compared to $288.5 million during the calendar year 2020.
Short-term investments as of December 31, 2022 were $23.0 million, up from $5.4 million as of December 31, 2021 and long-term investments were $153.9 million as of December 31, 2022, down from $207.7 million as of December 31, 2021, due to changes in the Company's overall investment portfolio and increased investment in equity method investments. Equity method investments increased to $48.4 million, primarily as a result of additional investment purchases during 2022, including the investment in GreenMarbles in the second quarter of 2022. This investment in GreenMarbles was made with $20.0 million in cash and the issuance of $5.0 million of the Company's common stock.
Accounts receivable as of December 31, 2022 increased $26.7 million compared to December 31, 2021, primarily due to the timing of sales within those years.
Inventories as of December 31, 2022, increased $88.1 million compared to December 31, 2021, primarily due to increased raw material inventory levels to manage risk related to potential supply chain disruptions and volatility in customer orders.
Intangible Assets, net as of December 31, 2022 decreased $19.8 million compared to December 31, 2021, due to the amortization of definite lived intangible assets and patents, which is discussed further in Note 10 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Accounts payable as of December 31, 2022, increased $53.4 million compared to December 31, 2021, primarily due increases in, and timing of, inventory and capital expenditure payments.
Management considers the Company’s current working capital and long-term investments, as well as its existing credit financing arrangement (notwithstanding covenants prohibiting additional indebtedness), discussed further in Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements, in addition to internally generated cash flow, to be sufficient to cover anticipated cash needs for the foreseeable future considering its contractual obligations and commitments.
The following is a summary of working capital and long-term investments:
|Working Capital||$||698,099,624 ||$||691,319,649 ||$||801,593,707 |
|Long Term Investments||153,906,005 ||207,693,147 ||162,028,068 |
|Total||$||852,005,629 ||$||899,012,796 ||$||963,621,775 |
The increase in working capital as of December 31, 2022 compared to December 31, 2021 is primarily due to increases in inventory and accounts receivable, which was partially offset by decreases in cash and prepaid expenses and other. The decrease in working capital as of December 31, 2021 compared to 2020 is primarily due to decreases in cash flow from operations, as well as additional share repurchases.
Please refer to Part II, Item 5, with regard to the Company's previously announced share repurchase plan.
The Company utilizes the light vehicle production forecasting services of S&P Global Mobility. The S&P Global Mobility mid-January 2023 forecast for light vehicle production for calendar year 2023 are approximately 15.1 million units for North America, 16.5 million units for Europe, 11.7 million units for Japan and Korea, and 26.6 million units for China.
Based on the foregoing, the Company estimates that top line revenue for calendar year 2023 will be approximately $2.2 billion. All estimates are based on light vehicle production forecasts in the primary regions to which the Company ships product, as well as the estimated option rates for its mirrors and electronics on prospective vehicle models and anticipated product mix. The Company continues to see order rates and booked business that allow for these estimates with an expected vehicle production increase in 2023, as well as an increase in 2024 compared to 2023. Continuing uncertainties, such as: volatilities in customer orders; light vehicle production volumes; supplier part or material shortages, including electronics supply chain constraints; the Ukraine-Russia conflict; labor shortages; automotive plant shutdowns; sales rates in Europe, Asia and North America; challenging macroeconomic and geopolitical environments, including inflation, tariffs and potential tax law changes; OEM strategies and cost pressures; customer inventory management and the impact of potential automotive customer (including their Tier 1 suppliers) and supplier bankruptcies; work stoppages, strikes, etc.; could disrupt shipments to customers and make forecasting difficult.
The Company is estimating that the gross margin will be between 32% and 33% for calendar year 2023. Historically, annual customer price reductions have placed significant pressure on gross margin on an annual basis. Given the current revenue forecast and projected product mix for 2023, the Company hopes it may be able to offset certain raw material cost increases, as well as labor related cost increases with pricing adjustments and improved operational efficiencies, but there is no certainty of being able to do so.
The Company also currently estimates that its operating expenses, which include E, R & D and S, G & A, are expected to be between $260 and $270 million for calendar year 2023, due in part to continued investments that support growth and launch of new business as well as development of new products, which are primarily staffing related. The Company continues to invest heavily in technology directed at funding the development of its current product portfolio and creating iterations of those products that help keep its products new and attractive to our customers, as well as new products.
The Company is a technology leader in the automotive industry, with a focus on developing uniquely designed solutions that are proprietary. The Company continues to make investments intended to maintain a competitive advantage in its current markets, as well as to use its core competencies to develop products that are applicable in other markets.
Based on current light vehicle production forecasts, and the resultant forecast our automatic-dimming mirrors and electronics, the Company currently anticipates that 2023 capital expenditures will be between $200 and $225 million, a majority of which will be related to production equipment purchases but also includes an estimated $70 - 90 million in construction costs related to the construction of a new 345,000 square foot manufacturing facility, which began in January 2022, as well as the other two expansion projects on currently existing facilities. Capital expenditures for calendar year 2023 are currently anticipated to be financed from current cash and cash equivalents on hand and cash flows from operating activities.
The Company also estimates that depreciation and amortization expense for calendar year 2023 will be between $100 and $110 million.
The Company is further estimating that its tax rate will be between 15.0% and 17.0% for calendar year 2023 based on the current statutory rates.
In accordance with its previously announced share repurchase plan and capital allocation strategy, the Company intends to continue to repurchase additional shares of its common stock in 2023 and into the future depending on a number of factors, including: market, economic, and industry conditions; the market price of the Company's common stock; anti-dilutive effect on earnings; available cash; and other factors that the Company deems appropriate.
The Company is also providing top line revenue guidance for calendar year 2024, taking into account anticipated increases in light vehicle production in 2024 compared to 2023. S&P Global Mobility current forecasts for light vehicle production for calendar year 2024 are approximately 15.8 million units for North America, 17.5 million units for Europe, 11.4 million units for Japan and Korea, and 28.1 million units for China. Based on these forecasts, the Company is estimating that revenue for calendar year 2023 will increase approximately 10% over current estimates provided for 2023 revenue. As noted above, continuing uncertainties make forecasting difficult.
Market Risk Disclosure
The Company is subject to market risk exposures of varying correlations and volatilities, including foreign exchange rate risk, and interest rate risk. Fluctuating interest rates and securities prices could negatively impact the Company's financial performance due to realized losses on the sale of fixed income investments and/or realized losses due to an impairment adjustment on investment securities. The Company does not currently believe such risks are necessarily material.
The Company has some assets, liabilities and operations outside the United States, including multi-currency accounts, which currently are not significant overall to the Company as a whole. Because the Company sells its automotive mirrors throughout the world and automobile manufacturing is highly dependent on general economic conditions, it could be significantly affected by weak economic conditions in foreign markets that could reduce demand for its products.
Most of the Company’s non-U.S. sales are invoiced and paid in U.S. dollars. During calendar year 2022, approximately 7% of the Company’s net sales were invoiced and paid in foreign currencies (compared to 8% for calendar year 2021 and 7% for calendar year 2020). The Company currently expects that approximately 7-8% of the Company’s net sales in calendar year 2023 will be invoiced and paid in foreign currencies. The Company does not currently engage in hedging activities of foreign currencies.
The Company does not have any significant off-balance sheet arrangements or commitments that have not been recorded in its Consolidated Financial Statements.
Significant Accounting Policies and Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, requires management to make estimates, assumptions and apply judgments that affect its financial position and results of operations. On an ongoing basis,
management evaluates these estimates and assumptions. Management also continually reviews its accounting policies and financial information disclosures.
The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Certain of our accounting policies require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the Consolidated Financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions are based on our historical experience, the terms of existing contracts, our evaluation of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers and suppliers and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. However, these estimates and assumptions are inherently subject to a degree of uncertainty. As a result, actual results in these areas may differ significantly from our estimates, as is the case in any application of generally accepted accounting principles.
The Company considers an accounting estimate to be critical if:
• It requires management to make assumptions about matters that were uncertain at the time of the estimate, and
• Changes in the estimate or different estimates that could have been selected would have had a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.
Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Accordingly, revenue is recognized in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for promised goods or services when it transfers those goods or services to customers. Sales are shown net of returns, which have not historically been significant. The Company does not generate sales from arrangements with multiple deliverables. The Company generally receives purchase orders from customers on an annual basis in the ordinary course of business. Typically, such purchase orders provide the annual terms, including pricing, related to a particular vehicle model. Purchase orders generally do not specify quantities. The Company recognizes revenue based on the pricing terms included in such annual purchase orders.
As part of certain agreements, entered into in the ordinary course of business, the Company is asked to provide customers with annual price reductions. Such amounts are estimated and accrued as a reduction of revenue as products are shipped to those customers. For any shipments of product that may be subject to retroactive price adjustments that are then being negotiated, the Company records revenue based on the Company’s best estimate of the amount of consideration to which the entity will be entitled in exchange for transferring the promised goods to the customer. The Company's best estimate requires significant judgment based on historical results and expected outcomes of ongoing negotiations with customers. The Company's approach is to consider these adjustments to the contract price as variable consideration which is estimated based on the then most likely price amount. In addition, the Company has ongoing adjustments to our pricing arrangements with customers based on the related content, the cost of our products and other commercial factors. Such pricing accruals are adjusted as they are settled with our customers.
See also Item 13 of Part III with respect to "Certain Transactions", which is incorporated herein.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The following financial statements and reports of independent registered public accounting firm are filed with this report following the signature page:
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
As defined in Item 304 of Regulation S-K, there have been no changes in, or disagreements with, accountants during the 24-month period ended December 31, 2022.
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision of and with the participation of the Company’s management, the Company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer have evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures ([as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(e) and 15d – 15(e)]) as of December 31, 2022, and have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are adequate and effective.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(f) and 15d – 15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 Framework)(the COSO criteria). Based on this assessment, management asserts that the Company has maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
The effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022, has been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included in Part IV of this Form 10K.
During the period covered by this annual report, there have been no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting. In addition, there have been no significant changes in the Company’s internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to December 31, 2022.
Item 9B. Other Information.
Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections.
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
Information about Our Executive Officers
The following table lists the names, ages, and positions of all of the Company’s executive officers at the time of this report. Officers are generally elected at the meeting of the Board of Directors following the annual meeting of shareholders.
|NAME||AGE||POSITION||CURRENT POSITION HELD SINCE|
|Steve Downing||45||President and Chief Executive Officer||January 2018|
|Neil Boehm||51||Chief Technology Officer and Vice President, Engineering||February 2018|
|Kevin Nash||48||Vice President, Finance, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer||February 2018|
|Matthew Chiodo||58||Chief Sales Officer and Senior Vice President, Sales||January 2022|
|Scott Ryan||42||Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary||August 2018|
There are no family relationships among the officers listed in the preceding table.
Steve Downing was elected Chief Executive Officer effective as of January 1, 2018. Mr. Downing has been employed by the Company since 2002. Prior to being elected Chief Executive Officer, he served as President and Chief Operating Officer from August 2017 to December 2017, as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from June 2015 to August 2017, and as Vice President of Finance and Chief Financial Officer from May 2013 to June 2015. He served in a variety of roles before that time. Certain terms of Mr. Downing's employment arrangement are contained herein in Part III, Item 11 to this Form 10‑K. Neil Boehm was appointed as the Company's Vice President, Engineering and Chief Technology Officer as of February 15, 2018 and was also appointed an executive officer. Mr. Boehm has been employed by the Company since 2001. Prior to his current position, he served as the Company's Vice President of Engineering, beginning in 2015 and before that served as Senior Director of Engineering. Certain terms of Mr. Boehm's employment arrangement are contained herein in Part III, Item 11 to this Form 10-K. Kevin Nash was appointed as the Company's Vice President, Finance, Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer, effective as of February 15, 2018. He is also the Company's Chief Accounting Officer. Mr. Nash has been employed by the Company since 1999. Prior to his current position, he served as the Company's Vice President of Accounting and Chief Accounting Officer, beginning in 2014 and before that served as Director of Accounting and Chief Accounting Officer. Certain terms of Mr. Nash's employment arrangement are contained herein in Part III, Item 11 to this Form 10-K. Matthew Chiodo's title changed to Chief Sales Officer and Senior Vice President of Sales on January 17, 2022, though he was already and continues to be a named executive officer. Mr. Chiodo has been employed by the Company since 2001. Prior to his current title, his title was the Company's Vice President of Sales, beginning in 2017 and before that served as Director of Sales for several years. Certain terms of Mr. Chiodo's employment arrangement are contained herein in Part III, Item 11 to this Form 10-K. Scott Ryan was appointed as the Company's Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary on August 16, 2018. Mr. Ryan has been employed by the Company since 2010. Prior to his current position, he served as Assistant General Counsel and Corporate Secretary from June 2015 to August 2018. Prior to that he served as Patent Counsel from November 2013 to June 2015. Certain terms of Mr. Ryan's employment arrangement are contained herein in Part III, Item 11 to this Form 10-K.
Information relating to directors appearing under the caption “Election of Directors” in the definitive Proxy Statement for 2023 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and filed with the Commission within 120 days after the Company’s fiscal year end, December 31, 2022 (the “Proxy Statement”), is hereby incorporated herein by reference. No changes were made to the procedures by which shareholders may recommend nominees for the Board of Directors. Any information concerning compliance with Section 16(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 that may appear under the caption “Delinquent Section 16 Reports” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Information relating to the Company’s Audit Committee and concerning whether at least one member of the Audit Committee is an “audit committee financial expert” as that term is defined under Item 407(d)(5) of
Regulation S-K appearing under the caption “Corporate Governance – Audit Committee” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics for Certain Senior Officers that applies to its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer. A copy of the Code of Ethics for Certain Senior Officers is available without charge, upon written request, from the Corporate Secretary of the Company, 600 N. Centennial Street, Zeeland, Michigan 49464 and on the Company's website. The Company intends to satisfy the disclosure requirement under Item 5.05 of Form 8-K regarding an amendment to, or waiver from, a provision of this Code of Ethics by posting such information on its website. Information contained in the Company’s website, whether currently posted or posted in the future, is not part of this document or the documents incorporated by reference in this document.
Item 11. Executive Compensation.
The information contained under the caption "Compensation Committee Report," "Compensation Discussion and Analysis," "Executive Compensation," "Director Compensation," and "Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation" contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. The "Compensation Committee Report" shall not be deemed to be soliciting material or to be filed with the commission.
As previously disclosed, the Compensation Committee has a goal that base salaries for officers, including named executive officers, are at or near the market median for base salaries when compared to the Company's established peer group.
In light of that, the Compensation Committee has periodically reviewed base salaries for officers, including where officers rank compared to the Company's established peer group. It was determined by the Compensation Committee that certain officer base salaries continue to trail the announced goal of base salaries at market median, in some instances base salaries significantly trailed the stated goal. As such, in light of an improving outlook for the Company the ever-increasing competition for talent, the need to attract and retain management to fulfil the Company's strategic goals, desire for base salaries to approach market median, and the high level individual performances of officers, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board and the Board approved certain changes in base salaries for 2023. The Board, therefore, on February 16, 2023, approved the following base salaries for the CEO and named executive officers for 2023:
|Executive Officer||Position||2023 Base Salary||2022 Base Salary|
|Steve Downing||President and CEO||$||850,000 ||$||800,000 |
|Neil Boehm||VP, Engineering and CTO||$||515,000 ||$||475,000 |
|Kevin Nash||VP, Finance, CFO and Treasurer||$||515,000 ||$||475,000 |
|Matt Chiodo||Senior VP, Sales and CSO||$||455,000 ||$||415,000 |
|Scott Ryan||VP, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary||$||415,000 ||$||375,000 |
Amended and Restated Annual Incentive Performance-Based Bonus Plan
The Board of Directors previously approved the Amended and Restated Annual Incentive Performance-Based Bonus Plan (the "Annual Plan") to further emphasize performance-based compensation. In lieu of participating in the profit-sharing bonus paid to all employees, the Annual Plan provides potential cash-based bonuses for officers based on the achievement of three key performance metrics: Revenue (33.33% weighting); Operating Income (33.33% weighting); and Earnings per Diluted Share (33.33% weighting). The Annual Plan covers certain officers, including named executive officers.
At the beginning of each year, the Compensation Committee reviews and approves a cash bonus target for each officer, as a percentage of base salary for the year. The CEO may earn from 0% - 200% of base salary. The non-CEO named executive officers may earn from 0% to 150% of their base salaries. All performance-related targets are set by, and achievement of targets are approved by, the Compensation Committee and/or the Board of Directors.
For our executive officers, the 2023 Annual Plan payout opportunities as a percentage of base salary applicable to each performance metric are shown in the table below:
|Executive Officer||Annual Plan Threshold||Annual Plan Target||Annual Plan Maximum|
|Steve Downing||50.0 ||%||100.0 ||%||200.0 ||%|
|Neil Boehm||37.5 ||%||75.0 ||%||150.0 ||%|
|Kevin Nash||37.5 ||%||75.0 ||%||150.0 ||%|
|Matt Chiodo||37.5 ||%||75.0 ||%||150.0 ||%|
|Scott Ryan||37.5 ||%||75.0 ||%||150.0 ||%|
No changes were made to the Annual Plan target opportunities for executive officers in 2023, as it is believed the threshold, target, and maximum opportunity levels remain appropriate. The foregoing payout opportunities are
multiplied by the weighting factor of a particular performance metric to determine the amounts of cash bonuses payable to officers to the extent the threshold, target, or maximum for a performance metric is met or exceeded. To the extent performance exceeds the established threshold or target, as applicable, for any performance metric, but does not meet or exceed the established target or maximum, as applicable, linear interpolation is used to determine the pro rata portion of the performance bonus. The Compensation Committee also has discretion to increase (or decrease) such performance-based bonuses using its judgment, provided that bonuses are not in any event to exceed 250% of the applicable base salary.
Since its inception in 2019, the Annual Plan uses the same three key performance metrics and weighting: Revenue (weighted 33.33%), Operating Income (weighted 33.33%) and Earnings per Diluted Share (33.33%) since such metrics are not only appropriate measures of performance, but also align with the Company's overall business strategy.
In determining whether annual cash bonuses are paid under the Annual Plan, actual performance for the year is measured against specified target levels for each performance metric. Generally, the target for the three performance metrics reflects a level of performance, which at the time set would be anticipated to be challenging but achievable. The threshold level is set to be reflective of performance at which the Compensation Committee believed a portion of the award opportunity should be earned. The maximum level was set well above the target, requiring significant achievements and reflecting performance at which the Compensation Committee believed an additional 100% of the target award was warranted.
For 2022, target performance and actual results for the performance metrics are as follows:
|Performance Metric||Weight||Threshold*||Target*||Maximum*||Actual Performance*|
|Operating Income||33.33 ||%||$341,138||$454,850||$568,563||$370,006|
|Earnings per Diluted Share||33.33 ||%||$1.22||$1.63||$2.04||$1.36|
|* Amounts in thousands (000) except for per share amounts.|
Based on actual Revenue, Operating Income, and Earnings per Diluted Share results compared to the targets and performance of the named executive officers, the payments for 2022 under the Annual Plan are shown in the table below:
|Executive Officer||2022 Annual Plan Performance Bonus||2022 Annual Plan Discretionary Bonus|
These Annual Plan results appropriately reflect management's excellent work in addressing the ongoing impacts stemming from the ongoing pandemic supply chain shortages, especially electronics components, as well as labor disruptions and significant volatility within customer orders. Were it not for management's leadership in redesigning products to allow more customer demand to be met notwithstanding the parts shortages and labor market constraints, more revenue would have been lost in 2022. For 2023, the Compensation Committee has established targets for Revenue, Operating Income, and Earnings per Diluted Share for the Annual Plan performance metrics as it has done in the past, and consistent with 2022 is using ± 25% of target in 2023for determining thresholds and maximums and is not making any adjustments for tariffs.
2019 Omnibus Incentive Plan and Long-Term Incentive Program
The Company's 2019 Omnibus Incentive Plan ("OIP") has been approved by shareholders. Pursuant to the 2019 OIP, the Company implemented the Long-Term Incentive Plan (the "Long-Term Plan"). The Long-Term Plan
provides officers, including our named executive officers, with incentive awards that serve an important role by balancing other applicable short-term goals with longer term shareholder value creation, while minimizing risk-taking behaviors that could negatively affect long-term results.
The Long-Term Plan uses three-year performance periods and selected performance objectives to determine equity incentive awards so as to balance short-term goals under the Annual Plan, with performance objectives associated with longer-term shareholder value creation under the Long-Term Plan. Under the Long-Term Plan, the Board of Directors and/or the Compensation Committee determines the amount of the long-term incentive awards. Each officer's award opportunity is based on a target dollar value (determined toward the very beginning of the performance period) as a percentage of base salary assigned to his or her position based on market comparisons for similar positions, using both a peer group and general industry market data. The following target opportunities apply for the 2023-2025 performance period under the Long-Term Incentive Plan:
|Executive Officer||Long-Term Plan Target Opportunity Percentage of Base Salary for 2023-2025|
|Steve Downing||365 ||%|
|Neil Boehm||155 ||%|
|Kevin Nash||185 ||%|
|Matt Chiodo||155 ||%|
|Scott Ryan||155 ||%|
These Long-Term Plan Target Opportunity Percentages of Base Salary for 2023 - 2025 remain the same as those applicable for 2022 - 2024.
Achievement at threshold performance yields 50% of the target award and achievement of the maximum performance yields another 100% of the target award. To the extent performance exceeds the established threshold or target, as applicable, for an applicable performance objective, but does not meet or exceed the established target or maximum, as applicable, linear interpolation is used to determine the pro rata portion of such award.
Seventy percent (70%) of the total value of the target long-term incentive opportunity is delivered through performance share awards ("PSAs") and the other thirty percent (30%) through restricted stock ("RS"). Both PSAs and RS are forms of performance-based incentive compensation because PSAs involve performance objectives that provide direct alignment with shareholder interests and the value of RS fluctuates based on stock price performance.
In addition to requiring achievement of performance objectives in respect of PSAs, PSAs and RS require the executive officers to remain employed with the Company for three years from the grant date (unless the executive officer attains retirement age, departs for good reason, dies, or becomes disabled or a change in control occurs whereby an award may be paid or partially paid).
Performance Shares for 2023-2025 Performance Period
The Long-Term Plan is designed to provide PSAs for officers, including our named executive officers. PSAs are tied to the achievement of two performance objectives, each weighted equally: earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and return on invested capital (ROIC), in each case adjusted and calculated as determined by the Compensation Committee. Each performance objective is based on a three-year performance period (2023-2025) with a performance range that can result in PSAs of 0% for failure to achieve threshold, 50% of target for achieving threshold, to 200% of the target opportunity for achieving maximum. The targets for EBITDA and ROIC for 2022-2024 were established by the Compensation Committee as it has done in the past. For the 2023-2025 performance period, ± 25% of target is being used for determining thresholds and maximums, which is consistent with 2022.
EBITDA drives the ability to commit resources to continued growth, but is also a measure of ability to provide shareholder return. It also drives profitable sales growth and optimizes the Company's cost structure. ROIC ensures management uses the Company's capital in an effective manner that drives shareholder value. Since the value of PSAs is tied to the Company's actual performance in financial objectives, it aligns the officers' interests with those of
shareholders. The target opportunities of PSAs awarded in 2023 for the named executive officers are shown in the table below:
|Executive Officer||Number of PSAs Awarded in 2023 (Target) for 2023-2025|
|Steve Downing||75,018 |
|Neil Boehm||19,302 |
|Kevin Nash||23,038 |
|Matt Chiodo||17,053 |
|Scott Ryan||15,554 |
Restricted Stock Awards for 2023-2025 Performance Period
The other 30% of the total value of the long-term incentive opportunity consists of RS awards. RS incentivizes and rewards executives for improving long-term stock value and serves as a retention tool. Under the Long-Term Plan, RS will generally be granted in February to officers, including our named executive officers, and cliff vest on the third anniversary of the grant. The RS awarded in 2023, based on the target opportunities, for the named executive officers are shown in the table below:
|Executive Officer||Number of RS Awarded in 2022 for 2023-2025|
|Steve Downing||32,151 |
|Neil Boehm||8,273 |
|Kevin Nash||9,874 |
|Matt Chiodo||7,309 |
|Scott Ryan||6,666 |
As part of its objective of attracting and retaining management to fulfil the Company's strategic goals, the Compensation Committee recommended and the Board approved on February 16, 2023, a retention grant of PSAs. In addition to the retention of management, the PSA's have been granted to further align management goals with those of the Company's shareholders. For that reason, the PSAs have been granted with performance criteria and will be based upon achievement of the Company's relative total shareholder return (TSR) over a four year period (2023-2026), against a predetermined peer group. Achievement levels vary from 50% to 200% of granted PSA's, for relative TSR between 0 and the 100th Percentile of relative TSR as disclosed in the below table. In addition to requiring achievement of performance objectives in respect of PSAs, this grant also requires the executive officers to remain employed with the Company for four years from the grant date (unless the executive officer attains retirement age, departs for good reason, dies, or becomes disabled or a change in control occurs whereby an award may be paid or partially paid).
|Relative TSR Criteria||Achievement Level of Award|
|0 - 25th percentile||50 ||%|
|25 - 50th percentile||100 ||%|
|50 - 75th percentile||150 ||%|
|Above 75th percentile ||200 ||%|
The Retention grant of PSA's for the named officers are shown in the table below:
|Executive Officer||Retention PSA Awarded in 2023|
|Steve Downing||29,361 |
|Neil Boehm||17,790 |
|Kevin Nash||17,790 |
|Matt Chiodo||15,717 |
|Scott Ryan||14,336 |
2020-2022 Long-Term Plan Performance (three-year performance period ending December 31, 2022)
December 31, 2022, marked the end of the three-year performance period for PSA and RS Long-Term Plan awards made in February 2020.
Performance Share Awards
The performance metrics, targets and performance payout ranges for these awards were set and approved by the Compensation Committee and the Board in February 2020. Consistent with the Long-Term Plan, incentive could be earned by the officers based on performance associated with two equally weighted metrics, EBITDA and ROIC, in each case adjusted as determined by the Compensation Committee, both measured cumulatively over the three-year performance period. The target levels of achievement for the EBITDA and the ROIC were established to align with financial goals set at the beginning of the three-year performance period for the years 2020 through 2022, The table below summarizes the results of the 2020-2022 performance period relative to target and the achievement level of the 2020-2022 PSAs:.
|Performance Metric||Weight||Threshold*||Target*||Maximum*||Actual Performance*||Performance to Target||Weighted Performance|
|EBITDA||50 ||%||$1,512,514||$1,890,643||$2,268,772||$1,535,931||53.10 ||%||26.55 ||%|
|ROIC||50 ||%||36.80 ||%||46.00 ||%||55.20 ||%||37.12 ||%||51.74 ||%||25.87 ||%|
|*amounts in thousands (000) percentages. Threshold, Target, and Maximum for EBITDA and ROIC were adjusted to address the estimated impact of tariffs and the Actual Performance was similarly adjusted with respect to the actual impact of tariffs. Additionally, Actual performance was adjusted by $8.8 million of previously disclosed severance related costs incurred in 2020. |
The PSAs awarded in February 2020, based on target opportunity, along with the actual payout of PSAs to the executive officers, for the 2020-2022 performance period are reflected in the table below and include dividend equivalents assuming reinvestment of dividends.
|Executive Officer||Number of PSAs Awarded in 2020 (Target) for 2020-2022||2020-2022 PSAs Payout|
|Steve Downing||41,516 ||22,912 |
|Neil Boehm||14,081 ||7,772 |
|Kevin Nash||12,916 ||7,129 |
|Matt Chiodo||11,394 ||6,289 |
|Scott Ryan||10,091 ||5,570 |
The RS awarded in February 2020, based on target opportunities, along with the actual payment of RS to executive officers, awarded for the 2020-2022 period are reflected in the table below:
|Executive Officer||Number of RS Awarded in 2020 (Target) for 2020-2022||2020-2022 RS Payout/Vesting|
|Steve Downing||17,792 ||17,792 |
|Neil Boehm||6,035 ||6,035 |
|Kevin Nash||5,535 ||5,535 |
|Matt Chiodo||4,883 ||4,883 |
|Scott Ryan||4,325 ||4,325 |
Since each executive officer awarded restricted stock in 2020 remained employed by the Company for three years from the grant date, each restricted stock awarded vested with such executive officers.
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
The information contained under the captions “Common Stock Ownership of Management,” “Common Stock Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners,” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. There are no arrangements known to the registrant, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control.
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.
The information contained under the caption “Certain Transactions” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. The information contained under the caption “Election of Directors” contained in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fee and Services.
Information regarding principal accounting fees and services set forth under the caption “Ratification of Appointment of Independent Auditors – Principal Accounting Fees and Services” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Information concerning the policy adopted by the Audit Committee regarding the pre-approval of audit and non-audit services provided by the Company’s independent auditors set forth under the caption “Corporate Governance – Audit Committee” in the definitive Proxy Statement is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
2. Financial Statements Schedules. None required or not applicable.
3. Exhibits. See Exhibit Index on Page 75.
(b)See (a) above.
(c)See (a) above.
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 of 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|By:||/s/ Steven R. Downing|
|Steven R. Downing, President and Chief Executive Officer|
|Date:||February 22, 2023|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below on this 22nd day of February, 2023, by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated.
|By:||/s/ Steven R. Downing|
|Steven R. Downing, President and Chief Executive Officer|
|(Principal Executive Officer) on behalf of Gentex Corporation|
|By:||/s/ Kevin C. Nash|
|Kevin C. Nash, Vice President, Finance, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer|
|(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer) on behalf of Gentex Corporation|
Each Director of the registrant whose signature appears below hereby appoints Steve Downing or Kevin Nash, as his or her attorney-in-fact to sign in his or her name and on his or her behalf, and to file with the Commission any and all amendments to this report on Form 10-K to the same extent and with the same effect as if done personally.
|/s/ Joseph Anderson||Director|
|/s/ Leslie Brown|| ||Director|
|Leslie Brown|| |
|/s/ Steven Downing||Director|
|/s/ Gary Goode|| ||Director|
|Gary Goode|| |
|/s/ James Hollars|| ||Director|
|James Hollars|| |
|/s/ Richard Schaum|| ||Director|
|Richard Schaum|| |
|/s/ Kathleen Starkoff|| ||Director|
|Kathleen Starkoff|| |
|/s/ Brian Walker|| ||Director|
|Brian Walker|| |
|/s/ Ling Zang||Director|
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Gentex Corporation
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders' investment and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2022, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2022, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) and our report dated February 22, 2023 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of the critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
|Revenue - Estimate of Variable Consideration|
|Description of the Matter|
As discussed in Notes 1 and 11 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, the Company occasionally enters into sales contracts with its customers that provide for annual price reductions over the production life of a particular part. Prices may also be adjusted on an ongoing basis to reflect changes in product content, product cost and other commercial factors.
Auditing the accounting for and the completeness of the amount of revenue that the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for its products (for arrangements containing annual price reductions) is judgmental due to the unique facts and circumstances involved with each revenue arrangement, as well as on-going commercial negotiations with customers.
|How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit|
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over annual price reductions. This included testing controls over the Company’s process to identify and evaluate customer contracts that contain matters that impact revenue recognition, as well as testing controls relating to the completeness and measurement of revenue related to those sales contracts.
Our audit procedures included, among others, testing the completeness and valuation of the Company’s price reductions, including interviews of executive and commercial management personnel responsible for negotiations with customers, inspecting communications between the Company and its customers related to the price reductions, and testing manual price reduction entries recorded using lower materiality thresholds for our testing purposes.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1999.
Grand Rapids, Michigan
February 22, 2023
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Gentex Corporation
Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have audited Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022 based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of Gentex Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders' investment and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2022, and the related notes and our report dated February 22, 2023 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
Grand Rapids, Michigan
February 22, 2023
GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2022 AND 2021
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||214,754,638 ||$||262,311,670 |
|Restricted cash||4,000,000 ||— |
|Short-term investments||23,007,385 ||5,423,612 |
|Accounts receivable, net||276,493,752 ||249,794,906 |
|Inventories, net||404,360,270 ||316,267,442 |
|Prepaid expenses and other||26,036,331 ||39,178,119 |
|Total current assets||948,652,376 ||872,975,749 |
|PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:|
|Land, buildings and improvements||376,934,354 ||363,646,380 |
|Machinery and equipment||935,848,288 ||883,240,100 |
|Construction-in-process||165,574,867 ||77,592,152 |
|Total Plant and Equipment||1,478,357,509 ||1,324,478,632 |
|Less- Accumulated depreciation ||(928,324,473)||(860,356,956)|
|Net Plant and Equipment||550,033,036 ||464,121,676 |
|Goodwill||313,807,494 ||313,960,209 |
|Long-term investments||153,906,005 ||207,693,147 |
|Equity method investments||48,425,978 ||— |
|Intangible assets, net||219,360,910 ||239,189,627 |
|Deferred tax asset||25,528,700 ||4,795,678 |
|Patents and other assets, net||67,515,425 ||28,655,080 |
|Total Other Assets||828,544,512 ||794,293,741 |
|TOTAL ASSETS||$||2,327,229,924 ||$||2,131,391,166 |
|LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT|
|Accounts payable||$||151,740,046 ||$||98,342,928 |
|Salaries, wages and vacation||17,517,580 ||14,019,643 |
|Income taxes||18,726,857 ||196,863 |
|Royalties||19,208,411 ||19,140,907 |
|Dividends payable||28,100,320 ||28,372,901 |
|Other||15,259,538 ||21,582,858 |
|Total current liabilities||250,552,752 ||181,656,100 |
|OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES||10,884,351 ||11,746,599 |
|TOTAL LIABILITIES||261,437,103 ||193,402,699 |
Common stock, par value 0.06 per share; 400,000,000 shares authorized; 234,169,335 and 236,440,840 shares issued and outstanding in 2022 and 2021 respectively.
|14,050,160 ||14,186,450 |
|Additional paid-in capital||917,499,323 ||879,413,385 |
|Retained earnings||1,148,386,272 ||1,042,461,388 |
|Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income:|
|Unrealized (loss) gain on investments, net||(10,110,695)||1,006,655 |
|Cumulative translation adjustment||(4,032,239)||920,589 |
|Total shareholders’ investment||2,065,792,821 ||1,937,988,467 |
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' INVESTMENT||$||2,327,229,924 ||$||2,131,391,166 |
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2022, 2021 AND 2020
|NET SALES||$||1,918,958,043 ||$||1,731,169,929 ||$||1,688,189,405 |
|COST OF GOODS SOLD||1,309,143,858 ||1,111,462,082 ||1,082,745,885 |
|Gross profit||609,814,185 ||619,707,847 ||605,443,520 |
|Engineering, research and development||133,308,804 ||117,763,676 ||115,935,047 |
|Selling, general and administrative||106,499,255 ||92,162,193 ||89,952,381 |
|Total operating expenses||239,808,059 ||209,925,869 ||205,887,428 |
|Income from operations||370,006,126 ||409,781,978 ||399,556,092 |
|Investment income||4,795,823 ||3,589,798 ||6,986,303 |
|Other (loss) income, net||(5,078,873)||2,979,960 ||5,270,534 |
|Total other (loss) income||(283,050)||6,569,758 ||12,256,837 |
|Income before provision for income taxes||369,723,076 ||416,351,736 ||411,812,929 |
|PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES||50,965,724 ||55,554,504 ||64,249,308 |
|NET INCOME||$||318,757,352 ||$||360,797,232 ||$||347,563,621 |
EARNINGS PER SHARE(1):
|Basic||$||1.36 ||$||1.51 ||$||1.41 |
|Diluted||$||1.36 ||$||1.50 ||$||1.41 |
|Cash Dividends Declared per Share||$||0.480 ||$||0.480 ||$||0.480 |
(1) Earnings Per Share has been adjusted to exclude the portion of net income allocated to participating securities as a result of share-based payment awards
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2022, 2021 AND 2020
|Net income||$||318,757,352 ||$||360,797,232 ||$||347,563,621 |
|Other comprehensive (loss) income before tax:|
|Foreign currency translation adjustments||(4,952,828)||151,544 ||3,153,634 |
|Unrealized (losses) gains on available-for-sale securities, net||(14,072,595)||(6,424,496)||6,312,051 |
|Other comprehensive (loss) income, before tax||(19,025,423)||(6,272,952)||9,465,685 |
|(Benefit) expense for income taxes related to components of other comprehensive (loss) income||(2,955,245)||(1,349,144)||1,325,530 |
|Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax||(16,070,178)||(4,923,808)||8,140,155 |
|Comprehensive income||$||302,687,174 ||$||355,873,424 ||$||355,703,776 |
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
GENTEX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020
|BALANCE AS OF JANUARY 1, 2020|